Two American women six children repatriated to US from SyriaKurdishled authority

first_imgBut few countries want to take back their citizens, who may be hard to prosecute, and the prospect has sparked fierce debate in their home countries where there is little public sympathy for the families of jihadists.Abdulkarim Omar, the co-chair of foreign relations in the Kurdish-led region, said foreign governments now appeared more willing to repatriate citizens but “only humanitarian causes”. He told Reuters he expected more foreign women and children to be sent home from Syria in the near future.Omar said the eight Americans were due to arrive in the United States on Wednesday.The Kurdish-led administration, which controls swathes of north and east Syria, said it had helped repatriate them based on their “free and voluntary desire to return to their country.” Islamic State expands reach in Afghanistan, threatening West The Islamic state, Beirut, Syria, Abdulkarim Omar, America, jihadi, foreign prisoners, world, Indian Express The Kurdish-led forces are holding the women and children in already overflowing camps, on top of hundreds of foreign fighters in prisons. (File Photo)Two US women with Islamic State ties and six children were repatriated from northeast Syria, Kurdish-led authorities, saying their return came at the request of the US government. Advertising Related News By Reuters |Beirut | Published: June 5, 2019 4:59:07 pm NIA seeks permission to question three men to ‘unravel larger IS plot’ Advertising Islamic State man from Kerala tells family he wants to return The eight Americans are among thousands of wives and children of foreign jihadists detained by US-backed forces who defeated the last Islamic State foothold in eastern Syria in March.The Kurdish-led forces are holding the women and children in already overflowing camps, on top of hundreds of foreign fighters in prisons.Kurdish leaders say they cannot hold the foreigners forever and warn that the prisoners pose a threat in northeast Syria. 0 Comment(s)last_img read more

Two dead after light planes collide midair in New Zealand

first_imgBy Reuters |Melbourne | Published: June 16, 2019 1:15:06 pm Advertising Advertising Two dead after light planes collide mid-air in New Zealand There was no immediate information about a potential cause of the crash and the police would not release the names of the victims, saying they were still trying to locate family members. (Representational)Two light aircraft collided mid-air on their final approach at a regional aerodrome in New Zealand on Sunday killing both pilots, police said. LiveKarnataka floor test: Will Kumaraswamy’s 14-month-old govt survive? Virat Kohli won’t have a say in choosing new coach After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan Top News Four parachutists on board of one of the planes had jumped shortly before it crashed with the other plane, a training aircraft. A helicopter, also preparing to land, managed to avoid the collision.The police said that both planes dropped immediately after impact, hitting the ground south of the Hood Aerodrome near the town of Masterton.There was no immediate information about a potential cause of the crash and the police would not release the names of the victims, saying they were still trying to locate family members. Witnesses told New Zealand media that they heard a loud bang and saw the planes spiraling down.Stuff.nz, a New Zealand news website, cited a local pilot instructor saying the aerodrome was unrestricted up to 9,500 feet, but pilots were required to record their movements through a shared radio channel.One of the planes belonged to Skydive Wellington while the other to the Wairarapa Aero Club. The Hood Aerodrome is owned and operated by the Masterton District Council.“We have a close-knit community at Hood Aerodrome and the incident has understandably rocked that community,” the council said in a statement on its website. Post Comment(s)last_img read more

Four injured after gunman opens fire in San Franciscoarea shopping mall

first_img Advertising Related News Man behind San Francisco’s facial recognition ban is working on more — way more By Reuters |San Francisco | Published: July 3, 2019 7:17:51 am San Francisco, San Francisco shooting, San Francisco mall shooting, US San Francisco, US gun laws, world news The shopping mall in San Bruno, located south of San Francisco, was closed after the gunfire, police said on Twitter.Two people were shot and two others hurt on Tuesday when at least one gunman opened fire at a mall in the San Francisco suburb of San Bruno before apparently fleeing on a nearby train, police said. San Francisco becomes first US city to ban e-cigarette sales Explained: The push for, and the pushback against, facial recognition technology Advertising Post Comment(s) Barberini said police were searching for one or possibly two gunmen who may have fled the scene by getting on a BART train headed for Oakland.The shopping mall in San Bruno, located south of San Francisco, was closed after the gunfire, police said on Twitter.The Bay Area Rapid Transit authority said one of its commuter stops was shut down as a precaution after the shooting Two people were taken to San Francisco General Hospital with gunshot wounds to their lower bodies in stable condition, San Bruno Police Chief Ed Barberini told reporters at a late-afternoon news conference.“It was a senseless act,” Barberini said, adding that opening fire in a crowded shopping mall near a Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station showed a “true disregard for human life.”Two other people were treated at the scene for minor injuries they suffered in fleeing from the gunmen.last_img read more

Next Dalai Lama must be chosen within China India should not intervene

first_img Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield Advertising dalai lama, dalai lama successor, successor of dalai lama, china will choose dalai lama, next dalai lama, who is nest dalai lama, indian express The Dalai Lama is 84 years old now and the issue of his successor has gained prominence in the last couple of years in the wake of his health issues. (File Photo)The successor of the Dalai Lama has to be decided within China and any interference by India on the issue will impact bilateral ties, Chinese authorities have said. Dalai Lama says sorry for his ‘successor should be attractive’ remark “The Dalai Lama’s reincarnation is not decided by his personal wish or by some group of people living in other countries,” he added.Wang, the director-general at the government of Tibet Autonomous Region, said the current Dalai Lama was recognised by Beijing and his successor must be found through the “draw of lots in golden urn process” within China.Echoing Wang’s views, Zha Luo, director at Beijing-based China Tibetology Research Centre, a government-run influential think tank, said any refusal by India to recognise the next Dalai Lama to be chosen within China will impact bilateral ties.The 14th Dalai Lama fled to India in 1959 following a crackdown on an uprising by the local population in Tibet. Dalai Lama’s remark that a female successor ‘should be more attractive’ irks many Taking stock of monsoon rain Nepal govt says no to Dalai Lama birthday More Explained India granted him political asylum and the Tibetan government-in-exile is based on Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh since then.“It will be a major political difference that would impact bilateral relations and any wise political leader wouldn’t do that,” said Zha whose team advises central government on policy issues for Tibet.He was asked what will happen if India refuses to recognise the next Dalai Lama chosen by China.“Since the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama is an important issue for China any friendly country or friend of China would not interfere or meddle on the issue,” he added. Advertising Best Of Express Zha, however, called it a hypothetical answer to a hypothetical question.India has maintained its stand on the Dalai Lama.“Government of India’s position on His Holiness the Dalai Lama is clear and consistent. He is a revered religious leader and is deeply respected by the people of India. There is no change in that position. His Holiness is accorded all freedom to carry out his religious activities in India,” Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson had told a media briefing in March last year.Wang said the process of selecting the next Dalai Lama must follow two clear steps : “It must go to draw of lots in the golden urn and the reincarnation must be recognised by the central government”.He said the “centrality” of the central government must be recognised and that any personal move by the current Dalai Lama on the issue is not going to be recognised by Chinese government or religious followers in Tibet.“It was with the central government’s recognition that the Dalai Lama became 14th Dalai Lama. Otherwise, he wouldn’t have been in that position,” said Wang.He alleged that the Dalai Lama has been “inciting” and “misguiding” young Tibetan people for his political motives.Asked about the Dalai Lama’s comments that he was ready to accept Tibet as part of China, Wang said he has been resorting to political rhetoric without taking any action.“He still believes that Tibet is an independent country. Without any concrete moves from his side, his words do not mean anything,” Wang added.Asked about assertion by Chinese authorities on the Dalai Lama’s successor, an official in the Tibetan government-in excile called it a “ploy to politicise the issue of reincarnation.”“It will help them strengthen their rule and obliterate Tibetan identity, culture, language and way of life,” he said.Wang said there were around 10 rounds of discussions between private representatives of Dalai Lama and Beijing. The last round took place in 2011 in Beijing.“The discussions were about the future of the Dalai Lama and did not include or touch on the topic of future of Tibet as a part of China’s sovereign territory,” Wang said.The Indian government had issued a note nearly a year back to senior officials, asking them not to attend events organised by the Tibetan government-in-exile. Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing funds for defence Advertising Related News After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan In first clear assertion on the sensitive issue, senior Chinese officials and experts said the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama must be approved by the Chinese government and the selection should take place within the country based on an over 200-year-old historical process.“The reincarnation of Dalai Lama is a historical, religious and political issue. There are established historical institutions and formalities for the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama,” Wang Neng Sheng, an official in the rank of vice minister in Tibet, told a small group of Indian journalists in Lhasa.The Dalai Lama is 84 years old now and the issue of his successor has gained prominence in the last couple of years in the wake of his health issues. By PTI |Beijing, Lhasa | Published: July 14, 2019 10:25:18 pm India has also been supporting the ‘One China’ policy, which states that Taiwan and Tibet are part of China’s mainland. Beijing made the ‘One-China’ policy a prerequisite for countries to establish diplomatic ties with it. Post Comment(s)last_img read more

Apple Centers Health Data Strategy on iPhone

first_imgApple quietly has been strategizing to expand its growing healthcare business to include the management of digital health records, with the iPhone operating as a central data hub, CNBC reported last week.Apple has been in talks with numerous health industry groups that are involved in setting standards for the storage and sharing of electronic medical records, in a way that would help consumers gain more control over their private medical information, according to the network.The plan appears to be a natural extension of Apple’s recent health industry strategy, which includes its Research Kit, CareKit and HealthKit — platforms that allow developers to create apps that help patients, hospitals and researchers find new ways to collect, manage and deliver health data efficiently and directly.”This has been an interest point as part of Apple’s strategy in the healthcare vertical for some time,” said Daniel Ruppar, digital health global program director at Frost & Sullivan.Apple last year acquired Gliimpse, a medical records startup that helped collect data from different platforms and organized the information for patients.Thus far, Apple’s efforts largely have focused on fitness information, but in recent years it has moved into more focused healthcare delivery. For example, the company recently began work on developing sensors that could help diabetic patients manage blood glucose levels.”They’ve shown on a number of fronts they’ve been tackling health and well being,” said Ian Fogg, senior director, mobile and telecoms at IHS Markit. David Jones is a freelance writer based in Essex County, New Jersey. He has written for Reuters, Bloomberg, Crain’s New York Business and The New York Times. Business Case The challenge for Apple going forward is that it tends to attack new businesses on a global scale, and healthcare data requires dealing with a myriad of regulatory and privacy issues that cannot easily be synchronized across a single platform, Fogg told TechNewsWorld.Also, the sensitivity of personal health data demands a high level of security and transparency, so that hospitals and patients can feel comfortable allowing that type of information to be controlled by an outside party, he said.”I would hope that Apple is planning to use the iPhone to securely communicate personal medical information from sensor to a HIPAA-compliant cloud service, and that medical records are only permanently retained in the cloud service,” said Paul Teich, principal analyst at Tirias Research.While temporary secure viewing on an iPhone would be nice, it would be better to have another layer of device security sitting between the attacker and the EMR repository, he told TechNewsWorld.It’s questionable that health information ever will become a big driver of device sales “unless medical systems or insurance companies are going to get into the iPhone distribution game,” Teich said.The real revenue driver for Apple would be to use a secure back-end EMR cloud service to sell Apple gear to medical institutions, he suggested.”Protected healthcare information is valuable data,” observed Ed Cabrera, chief cybersecurity officer at Trend Micro.”Arguably, any time you transition this type of data into another platform, there’s an inherent risk associated with it,” he told TechNewsWorld. “However, Apple has a history of developing security and privacy into their products that leads to better overall protection for their users.”center_img Regulatory Challenge With a healthcare records system on board, Apple likely would see a slight shift in how iPhones were sold and a slight uptake in the medical industry as companies started promoting the iPhone as a tool for doctors, said Jitesh Ubrani, senior research analyst for worldwide mobile device trackers at IDC.However, it wouldn’t be a game changer for iPhone sales, he said.”Rather, this would further solidify Apple’s stance as a leader in privacy and security, and would put pressure on Android as a whole, as well as Samsung, to step up their game,” Ubrani told TechNewsWorld.Rival tech companies have made efforts to capture medical data for research, consumer applications and other business opportunities.Verily Life Sciences, a unit of Google parent Alphabet, this spring partnered with Duke University School of Medicine and Stanford Medicine to launch Project Baseline, a project to collect broad, phenotypic health data from 10,000 volunteers.After screening it to ensure the privacy of volunteer participants, the data will be hosted on Google Cloud Platform and available for researchers to gain a better understanding of disease risk factors and other information.Nokia recently acquired Paris-based Withings, a digital health company that sells smart health products like digital scales, smartwatches and thermometers, and tracks activities as well. Nokia launched a digital health unit led by former Withings CEO Cedric Hutchings.last_img read more

New recommendations for design conduct of osteoporosisspecific economic evaluations

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 6 2018Economic evaluations that compare interventions in terms of costs and outcomes are increasingly used by decision makers, with economic evaluations now playing an increasing role in pricing and reimbursement decisions.In the field of osteoporosis, the number of economic evaluations has increased markedly, however the variable quality and considerable heterogeneity of the evaluations often limit their comparability and use by decision makers.To address this handicap, an expert working group convened by the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) and the US Branch of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), met at a consensus meeting to establish recommendations for the design and conduct of economic evaluations in osteoporosis, as well as guidance for reporting these evaluations. Additionally, a set of minimum criteria for evaluations and an osteoporosis-specific checklist of items to incorporate in economic reports were established.Related StoriesTop four things seniors need to know to have a safe and healthy summerWomen exposed to common antibacterial more likely to develop osteoporosisPenn study reveals link between mitochondrial damage and osteoporosisDownload Recommendations for the conduct of economic evaluations in osteoporosis: outcomes of an Experts’ consensus meeting.Lead author Dr Mickael Hiligsmann, Associate Professor in Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment at CAPHRI Care and Public Health Research Institute of Maastricht University, stated: “Although disease-specific recommendations for economic evaluations have been developed in other disease areas previously, this study is to our knowledge the first that provides a list of recommendations and minimum requirements for the design, conduct and reporting of an osteoporosis-specific economic evaluation. The recommendations are intended for researchers in the field of osteoporosis, as well as to help decision makers, reviewers and editors assess the quality of economic studies.”He added: “These osteoporosis-specific recommendations should be viewed as supplemental to general and national guidelines for economic evaluations. We encourage health economists and researchers in the field to make use of the recommendations and thereby to improve the transparency and comparability of their work. By promoting high-quality methodology standards, we hope to increase the use of economic evaluations by decision makers – which ultimately should lead to a more effective allocation of resources to our patients with osteoporosis.” Source:https://www.iofbonehealth.org/news/new-recommendations-conduct-economic-evaluations-osteoporosislast_img read more

Low adherence to cholesterollowering drugs also has beneficial effect in patients with

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 9 2019Type 2 diabetes patients’ risk of cardiovascular disease and death decreases if they actually take the cholesterol-lowering drugs as prescribed. However, research shows that the risk is also reduced if they do not take the full dosage.”These results are important and useful for patients and healthcare providers alike, to try and motivate patients to follow the recommended treatment even if they forget to take their pills from time to time,” notes Sofia Karlsson, Postdoctoral Researcher in Pharmacy at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.The purpose of her thesis was to investigate the risk of cardiovascular disease and death in relation to prescription and use of cholesterol-lowering drugs among adults with type 2 diabetes.Related StoriesDiabetes patients experiencing empathy from PCPs have beneficial long-term clinical outcomesObese patients with Type 1 diabetes could safely receive robotic pancreas transplantUranium toxicity might have caused obesity and diabetes in Kuwait, finds new studyThe research builds on register-based studies of adults with type 2 diabetes included in the Swedish National Diabetes Register. Prescription of cholesterol-lowering drugs for these patients was estimated from data entered in the Register. The patients’ adherence to medications was estimated on the basis of information of filled prescriptions at pharmacies.One in four stopped to collectThe results show that, on average, patients had cholesterol-lowering drugs available for some 70 percent of the three-year study period. The prescription process may partly explain why this proportion was not 100 percent, and the fact is that one in four patients who started to collect the medication stopped filling their prescriptions as early as within the first year.During the second year, the proportion of patients who stopped filling their prescriptions dropped to 13 percent, and during the third year the number decreased to 5 percent. Patients with previous cardiovascular disease showed slightly higher adherence than those without prior cardiovascular disease.Karlsson’s thesis is based on studies covering some 100,000 patients. It confirms previous research showing that the risk of cardiovascular disease and death for patients with type 2 diabetes who adhere well to their cholesterol-lowering drug prescriptions is lower than for patients with poor adherence.Fewer doses also beneficialWhat is new is that the researchers were able to observe a gradual increasing risk of cardiovascular disease with decreasing adherence, which suggests that patients who take their medication to a lesser extent than the doctor recommended, too, experience a beneficial effect. This applies to patients with and without prior cardiovascular disease alike.”When we took into account the attending healthcare provider’s adherence with guidelines regarding prescription of cholesterol-lowering drugs, our findings showed that in patients with type 2 diabetes, the patients’ adherence to drug treatment is what appears to have the greatest impact on their risk for cardiovascular disease and death,” Sofia Karlsson says. Source:https://www.gu.se/english/about_the_university/news-calendar/News_detail//low-adherence-to-cholesterol-lowering-medication-also-protective-in-type-2-diabetes.cid1619723last_img read more

Promising new way to thwart tricky Mtb pathogen

first_img Source:https://today.uconn.edu/2019/03/promising-new-drugs-problematic-pathogen/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 29 2019Tuberculosis (TB), an ancient and notoriously difficult disease to treat, has killed millions through the course of human history; and the antibiotics that have been used to fight the disease in recent history are becoming less and less effective.In the face of this reality, Dennis Wright, professor of medicinal chemistry in the University of Connecticut’s Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, has improved upon a new way to thwart the tricky pathogen, mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). His findings are published today in Cell Press.Though it may not be apparent in the United States, TB is the leading deadly infectious disease in the world, now surpassing HIV, says Wright. And the areas worst affected by TB are those that are becoming increasingly industrialized, including China, Russia, and India.Current treatment protocols require the use of multiple drugs, due to the bacteria’s uncanny ability to develop resistance to individual drugs. Drug-resistant strains may be on the rise, due to poor adherence to treatment protocols, says Wright.”First-line therapy for drug-susceptible TB is by using three to four drugs in combination,” he says. “The mixture is necessary because the pathogen is a master at developing drug resistance.”The treatment time is also at least six months for drug-susceptible strains; but for drug-resistant tuberculosis, it can be 18 months and often longer. Unfortunately, that means adherence to the full treatment, especially in less industrialized areas, is unlikely or impossible for many, Wright says.A Different Way to Target the Bacteria At UConn, Wright is taking a new approach, developing drugs that target the bacteria in different ways from previous classes of drugs. He says this approach is intended to help circumvent the pathogen’s resistance to existing drugs.In recent years, research into the disruption of the folate pathway in Mtb has been explored as a means of treating the infection. The folate pathway is essential for the production of nucleic acids, or the building blocks of DNA and RNA – the information needed for organisms to reproduce or replicate.Since it is so important for survival, the folate pathway is also highly conserved – meaning that antifolate drugs could target bacteria, fungi, parasites, but also humans. Therefore just the right compound is needed to ensure that the pathogen, and not the host, is impacted.Related StoriesA Portable Solution for the On-scene Identification of KratomMice cured of HIV in an experiment sparks new hopeScientists discover how resistance to the chemotherapy drug 5-fluorouracil arises”It is easy to make very potent antifolate compounds, but the challenge is in not impacting the human folate pathway,” says Wright. “TB is very interesting because even though the folate pathway is highly conserved, there are a lot of differences in Mtb and human throughout the pathway, and those differences are what we are trying to target.”The promise for antifolate medications as a new class of drugs for the treatment of TB and many other diseases is great. However, there is currently only one antifolate used to treat TB, called para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS).Wright and his team compared PAS with 60 antifolates they designed to target a very specific component of the folate pathway called dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). A collaborator screened the compounds in cultures of Mtb, including drug-resistant strains.”The Mtb and human DHFR enzymes differ very slightly, but in fact, that single amino acid change in the drug binding site is enough to give us selectivity,” says Wright. Not only did the compounds have selectivity in inhibiting the pathogenic DHFR, but they also impacted the ease with which the drug enters the bacterium.Wright says getting the drugs in is challenging, because TB is one of the hardest microorganisms to penetrate. “It is so drug-resistant due to the waxy outer coating, and because it can hide from the immune system.”Classical antifolates, like methotrexate, require active transport into cells; however, the compounds developed by Wright and his team enter the cell passively. Wright says the folate cycle may also play a role in the bacterium’s ability to produce its protective waxy coat, meaning that it could make it easier for other drugs to get in and help clear a TB infection.Wright says that these two findings were validation that the compounds were targeting what they had hoped to target; and overall, the researchers found their compounds to be more effective than PAS.He is hopeful that funding agencies will be interested in this promising class of drugs. More work is needed to bring them to the market for the treatment of TB.”As people are traveling more,” he says, “I’m not sure how long TB will stay isolated.”last_img read more

New therapeutic strategy treats viral infection and boosts immunity against cancer

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)May 31 2019A potential therapeutic strategy to treat viral infection and boost immunity against cancer is reported in the May 30 online issue of the journal Cell.The work, conducted by scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine, found that boosting the body’s production of type 1 interferon helped clear viral infection and increased immunity against cancer by identifying a sensor involved in suppressing interferon production in an animal model.Interferons are a group of signaling proteins made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several viruses. In a typical scenario, a virus-infected cell will release interferons causing nearby cells to heighten their anti-viral defenses.Related StoriesBacteria in the birth canal linked to lower risk of ovarian cancerNew study to ease plight of patients with advanced cancerSugary drinks linked to cancer finds studyInterferons also help the immune system fight cancer and may slow the growth of cancer cells.The principal investigator of the study was Hui-Kuan Lin, Ph.D., professor of cancer biology at Wake Forest School of Medicine, part of Wake Forest Baptist Health.In the study, Lin’s team discovered that RIG-I-like receptors (RLR) mediated interferon (IFN) production, which played a pivotal role in elevating host immunity for viral clearance and cancer immune surveillance. They reported that glycolysis, the first step in breaking down glucose to extract energy for cellular metabolism, was inactivated during RLR activity. That inactivation served as the key to turn on type I IFN production.Using pharmacological and genetic approaches, the scientists showed that lactate reduction by lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) inactivation heightened type I IFN production to protect from viral infection in mice.The study established a critical role of glycolysis-derived lactate in limiting RLR signaling and identified MAVS as a direct sensor of lactate, which functions to connect energy metabolism and innate immunity, Lin said.Type I interferons (IFNs), produced by almost all type of cells, played a vital role in host defense against viral infection and cancer immunosurveillance, Lin said.Source:Wake Forest Baptist Medical CenterJournal reference:Zhang, W. et al. (2019) Lactate Is a Natural Suppressor of RLR Signaling by Targeting MAVS. Cell. doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.05.003.last_img read more

Lithuania warns Russian taxi app could be snooping on users

first_img © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Citation: Lithuania warns Russian taxi app could be snooping on users (2018, July 31) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-lithuania-russian-taxi-app-snooping.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Rytis Rainys, head of Lithuania’s National Cyber security center, said Tuesday they were running “various tests” of the Yandex Taxi application.The taxi app’s corporate base in Amsterdam, Netherlands, but it is part of Russia’s top search-engine company, Yandex. It entered the Lithuanian market Thursday.The app requires access to microphone, camera and local network, among others.Aram Sargsyan, Yandex global strategy director, told the BNS news agency the company “processes and stores data of (European Union) users strictly according to EU regulations”—but said it was willing to submit itself to a check. Explore further Lithuanian authorities are “strongly” urging consumers, especially public servants, not to install the app of a popular Russian taxi-booking service because it may unlawfully be collecting user data. Russian search engine alerts Google to possible data problemlast_img read more

Ahead of US election angst over hacking threats

first_img Explore further © 2018 AFP Halderman staged a mock election in which three conference attendees voted for George Washington, but an infected memory card switched the result to give a 2-1 victory to Benedict Arnold, the military officer who sold secrets during the Revolutionary War.Halderman’s demonstration was on a voting machine still in use in 20 US states, which had no paper ballots that could be compared to the electronic output, and thus no way to determine if vote totals had been altered.”What keeps me up at night is the threat that a hostile nation-state could probe every swing state or swing district (and) find the ones most weakly protected, to silently change the results of a national election,” the University of Michigan professor said.A month ahead of the midterm congressional elections, security experts say the risks remain high for a hack on voting machines or other targets.The vote comes two years after the US national election in which, according to intelligence officials, Russian agents probed voter registration networks in at least 20 states and accessed at least one.Halderman said the Russians had the ability to destroy or alter voting records, which could have led to chaos on election day. He added however that, according to a Senate Intelligence Committee investigation, “they did not pull the trigger on that ability.”Other researchers have shown flaws which could allow hackers to penetrate voting machines or networks, and have stepped up calls for new methods to replace all-electronic systems with no paper backup, still in use for an estimated 20 to 25 percent of US voters.The Defcon conference of security researchers discovered a voting tabulator used in 23 states is vulnerable to a remote hack via a network attack and another machine used in 18 states could be hacked within two minutes.More paper neededA National Academy of Science report in September recommended that every effort should be made to use paper ballots in the 2018 election and that by 2020 “human readable” ballots should be standard.States should mandate audits prior to the certification of election results, it said, getting enough data to ensure that any electronic totals match the ones on paper. Report outlines keys to election security This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Hack attack. Wikipedia, CC BY-SA At a Boston technology conference last month, computer scientist Alex Halderman showed how easy it was to hack into an electronic voting machine and change the result, without leaving a trace. US elections are managed by state and local officials, meaning standards may not be uniform, and some states have resisted efforts to impose norms, claiming this would impinge on their authority.In Georgia, a judge declined to order the replacement of electronic voting machines for the November 6 vote because it was too late, but warned that voters may have a case that their constitutional rights were violated.Five states still use “paperless” systems without any form of backup, according to Joseph Hall, who heads an election security research team at the Center for Democracy and Technology.Hall said that in addition to voting machines and election rolls, hackers may look at other targets such as candidates, or the networks of state or local officials who run the elections. “We are increasingly worried about adversaries attacking the election system,” Hall said.In addition to possible attacks from nation-states, Hall pointed to opportunistic attackers who don’t have political motives but want to “make a name for themselves.”Mike Murray, of security firm Lookout, said attackers could disrupt the election by hacking into mobile phones of candidates, staffers, activists and others—sometimes simply by sending a text message infected with malware.”There’s a whole electoral ecosystem” of people whose phones can be hijacked, Murray told a Capitol Hill briefing. “The mobile device has become one of the primary targets of nation-states.”Making stridesCongress this year allocated $380 million to states to improve election security. But lawmakers declined to pass a proposed Secure Elections Act that would have mandated security standards and audits.The National Association of Secretaries of State, comprised of officials in charge of state election systems, has downplayed the risks from hacking demonstrations, saying they don’t reflect real-world conditions.Meanwhile US Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said there have been “tremendous strides” in election security in the past two years. Her agency, she said, is providing technical assistance to all 50 states, including the deployment of sensors that can detect network intrusions.”We are really and truly throwing everything we have at it,” Nielsen told a Washington Post cybersecurity conference.But some analysts say even a minor incident can undermine credibility in the election result.Christine Santoro of the Open Source Election Technology Institute said adversaries are using a combination of direct and indirect attacks, combined with propaganda and disinformation efforts.”They may not have to expend great effort to derail an election,” she said in a blog post.”With a little luck they can continue to sow seeds of mistrust and distrust in our vital democratic processes.” Citation: Ahead of US election, angst over hacking threats (2018, October 7) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-election-angst-hacking-threats.htmllast_img read more

Jack Ma Chinas richest man is a Communist Party member

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2018 AFP Explore further China’s Xi meets Zuckerberg, Cook in Beijing Jack Ma, founder of Chinese tech giant Alibaba, is among the world’s richest people but he has now emerged as a member of another club: China’s 89-million-strong Communist Party. Xi is pushing to further intertwine the party and business, with the latest rewrite to the rules for party organisations published Sunday by official news agency Xinhua.In private companies party cells should “guide and supervise the enterprise to strictly abide by national laws and regulations,” the draft order says, according to Xinhua. ‘Never marry them’Ma did not reveal his Communist Party membership in paperwork filed for Alibaba’s 2014 initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange. It is not known if Ma was a member at the time.A spokeswoman for Alibaba declined to comment.Alibaba bought Hong Kong’s English language newspaper, the South China Morning Post, in 2015 and controversies have swirled over the editorial slant of its coverage since the purchase.Ma told the paper he wanted to offer a “fair chance to readers” to understand China when Alibaba purchased it.Despite being known for its in-depth coverage of China, the paper had yet to publish a story on the party membership of China’s top capitalist by Tuesday evening.Ma—who announced in September that he would step down as head of Alibaba next year—has previously indicated he preferred to keep the Chinese state at arm’s length. “My philosophy is to be in love with the government, but never marry them,” he said at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2007.But party members must hold up their right fist and recite an oath upon joining.”Be loyal to the party, work actively, fight for communism all one’s life, always be prepared to sacrifice everything for the party and people, and never betray the party,” they recite. Three in four private companies already host party organisations.”We must do a good job in the education and management of party members and guide them to play an active role,” Xi told officials in Shanghai earlier this month, noting the increase in private employment and new types of employment. Citation: Jack Ma, China’s richest man, is a Communist Party member (2018, November 27) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-jack-ma-china-richest-communist.html Jack Ma’s membership of China’s Communist Party had not been known until now as China’s richest man had previously suggested that he preferred to stay out of politics The billionaire’s Communist bona fides were revealed by the People’s Daily, the party’s official mouthpiece, in an article praising contributors to China’s development.He is not the first nor likely the last Chinese super-rich capitalist to join the party, which counts property titan Xu Jiayin and Wanda Group founder Wang Jianlin among its billionaire members.But Ma’s membership had not been widely known until now as China’s richest man had previously suggested that he preferred to stay out of politics.In Monday’s article, the People’s Daily said Ma was a party member who has played an important role in pushing China’s Belt and Road global trade infrastructure initiative—a pet project of President Xi Jinping.He has also been honoured as one of the “outstanding builders of socialism with Chinese characteristics in Zhejiang Province”, where Alibaba is based, the daily said.Joining the partyJoining the party can be helpful to private businessmen and women in the country as they navigate a complicated business environment where the state-led economy dominates many industries and private business can be unwelcome.In China, company chiefs need the backing of the Communist Party to get rich, but they also need it to survive.It is a relationship that—when the political winds change—can hang them out to dry, experts say.Party membership did not prevent the abrupt fall of oil tycoon Ye Jianming, chairman of CEFC China Energy, who disappeared from public view this spring and is thought to be under investigation in China.Ma’s business rivals, Tencent CEO and Chairman Pony Ma and Baidu’s Robin Li are not affiliated with any party, the People’s Daily said. Xi has renewed a push to expand the Communist Party’s influence in private business, requiring any company with more than three party members to set up a party cell, or lacking numbers, join with nearby firms. Jack Ma, founder of Chinese tech giant Alibaba, has been revealed as a Communist Party memberlast_img read more

5 Strange Cool Things Weve Recently Learned About the Moon

first_img 5. The moon is two-faced (probably because of a massive asteroid). Ours is a moon with two faces: the nearside boasts a thinner and smoother crust, while the farside crust is thicker and dotted by impact craters left nearly undisturbed by lava flows. The discrepancies have vexed scientists for decades, and in a new paper, researchers use models to explore what may be possible explanations for the stark differences. They argue that those distinctive sides could be the result of a giant impactor slamming into the moon and leaving a massive crater across the entire nearside. [Read more about what created the moon’s two faces.] Discover more fascinating facts about the moon with BBC America’s “Wonders of the Moon,” premiering Friday, July 19 at 10 p.m. EDT/9 p.m. CDT. A burnt-orange moon hangs over London. Although scientists have unraveled many of the moon’s mysteries in the 50 years since Apollo 11, mankind’s enchantment with our nearest neighbor has never dimmed. Credit: James Burns/BBC America Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoSecurity SaversWindows Users Advised To Do This TodaySecurity SaversUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoBeverly Hills MDTop Plastic Surgeon: “You Can Fill In Wrinkles At Home” (Here’s How)Beverly Hills MDUndoBeach Raider24 Photos Of Shelter Dogs The Moment They Realize They’re Being AdoptedBeach RaiderUndoArticles VallyDad Cuts Daughter’s Hair Off For Getting Birthday Highlights, Then Mom Does The UnthinkableArticles VallyUndo Photos: Mysterious Objects on the Moon 1. There is water on the moon, and it jumps around. In 2009, data from NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) led to the discovery of water on the moon locked up in ice. A recent upgrade to the orbiter, called the Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP), has allowed scientists to take a closer look at the water on the lunar surface. LAMP has revealed that water molecules move around the moon as the lunar surface warms and cools throughout the day. Water remains stuck on the moon’s surface until the lunar midday, when some of the water melts and heats up enough to lift into the moon’s delicate atmosphere. The water floats around a bit until it reaches an area cool enough to make it settle back down to the surface.Advertisement Water on other planetary bodies could be a valuable resource for human explorers to not only drink but also to serve as fuel for future robotic exploration, since water can be split to form rocket fuel, saving missions from having to carry that fuel from Earth. [Read more about how water hops around the moon.] Find Apollo 11 Landing Site While Skywatching The MoonFor the 50th anniversary of humanity’s first steps on the lunar surface, learn 5 facts about our moon and where to find the Apollo 11 landing site while viewing it in the night sky. Credit: NASA/JPL-CaltechVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33关闭选项Automated Captions – en-US facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65943-strange-facts-about-the-moon.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0003:1903:19Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball02:31Surgical Robotics00:29Video – Giggly Robot关闭  A stunning shot of the 2017 total solar eclipse as soon from the Armstrong Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base in California. Credit: Carla Thomas/NASA/BBC America 2. There’s an enormous, dense blob of metal below the surface of the moon’s south pole. Deep below the moon’s South Pole-Aitken basin (the largest preserved impact crater anywhere in the solar system), researchers have detected a gargantuan “anomaly” of heavy metal lodged in the mantle that is apparently altering the moon’s gravitational field. According to a study of the mysterious blob, published April 5 in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, the anomaly likely weighs somewhere in the neighborhood of 2.4 quadrillion tons (2.18 quintillion kilograms). The researchers aren’t sure how this giant blob of metal got itself trapped below the lunar surface. Simulations suggest it could be the heavy remnants of the iron-nickel asteroid that crashed into the far side of the moon and created the giant South Pole-Aitken crater some 4 billion years ago. [Read more about the massive blob beneath the moon.] 4. You won’t strike it rich on the moon. Gold, platinum and other metals known as highly siderophile (“iron-loving”) elements are far more abundant in Earth’s crust than they are in its natural satellite. That may seem odd, given the two worlds’ shared history. About 4.5 billion years ago, a Mars-size planet dubbed Theia slammed into the proto-Earth, blasting huge amounts of material from both bodies into space. Some of this liberated stuff was incorporated into the bruised and battered Earth, and some coalesced to form the moon. But highly siderophile elements (HSEs) appear to have been left out of the mix. These metals were likely delivered by later asteroid strikes — but why does Earth have so much more than the moon? The researchers suspect that the moon’s weaker gravitational pull means material delivered via impact isn’t as likely to have stayed on the moon as it did on Earth — lots of stuff that hits the moon returns to space. The small concentration of HSEs retained on the moon likely arrived before the moon’s magma ocean cooled and solidified, so the material became incorporated into the moon’s core. [Read more about why Earth has way more gold than the moon.]center_img 3. The moon is shrinking and quaking. The moon is shrinking. And as the crust of our lone satellite contracts, it tugs on cliff-like cracks on the surface, leading to lots of moonquakes, researchers have discovered. Scientists revisited moonquake data gathered from 1969 to 1977 by seismic equipment on the Apollo lunar missions. They mapped the seismic data to satellite images of thrust faults, or scarps — stairstep cliffs on the lunar surface. These formations stand dozens of feet high and extend for miles, and they are visible in images captured by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. The researchers discovered that around 25% of the moonquakes were likely generated by released energy from these faults, rather than by asteroid impacts or activity deep inside the moon. Scarps are spread across the face of the moon in a vast, global network, and are estimated to be no more than 50 million years old, the researchers wrote. The age and distribution of the scarps hint that they appeared as the moon’s interior cooled down, causing its crust to contract. [Read more about the moonquakes] It’s been almost 50 years since a human first set foot on the moon. Since then, our knowledge about Earth’s closest neighbor has improved by leaps and bounds, and our obsession with it has never waned. Witness some of the most amazing images of the moon ever recorded and be reminded of the significant influence of our moon in BBC America’s new documentary “Wonders of the Moon,” premiering Friday, July 19 at 10 p.m. EDT/9 p.m. CDT. As the world begins its commemoration of the awe-inspiring first walk on the lunar surface, let’s review five of the most recent and fascinating scientific findings about the moon. Gallery: The Fantastic Full Moon See Spectacular Lunar Mission Images in 3D (Photos) The International Space Station’s incredible view of the moon. Credit: Luca Parmitano/BBC America A beautiful bright moon illuminates Brecon Beacons National Park in Wales, UK. Credit: Allyn Wallace/BBC America last_img read more

Reversing radicalisation in kids

first_img Related News Related News Indonesia Jakarta: Thrown off a motorbike as her parents blew themselves up, nine-year-old Mila was the sole survivor of a family suicide bombing, part of a wave of such attacks involving children that rocked Indonesia.Orphaned and radicalised, there were concerns for her future after the Islamic State-inspired strike, but a renewed focus on rehabilitating the children of terror suspects may offer Mila, and others like her, a chance at normality.She is among a small group who are being treated at a Jakarta safe house in a unique scheme that provides psychological and social care to children involved in terror plots.The world’s biggest Muslim majority nation is grappling with the growing global threat of “family attacks” and also with how to reintegrate returning IS militants and their relatives as the extremist group’s caliphate lies in ruins, a challenge faced by many nations including France and the United States. Tags / Keywords: Indonesia 10 Jul 2019 Indonesia to send back wastecenter_img “It hasn’t been easy dealing with (the children) because they believed in radicalism … and that bombing was a good thing,” said safe-house head Neneng Heryani, who gave exclusive access to the state-run compound near Indonesia’s capital.“They were taught that you must kill non-believers. It was very hard to change that mindset,” she added.Social workers and psychologists are trying to re-socialise the children with counselling and an emphasis on normal daily routines.For Mila – a name given to protect her identity – this treatment means helping her find a way to cope with her parents’ suicide bombing and living with the knowledge they involved her in mass murder, and intended for her to die.Other children of terror suspects, including those linked to the deadly suicide bombings in Surabaya last year, are also undergoing this dedicated treatment.Gaining their trust has not been easy but staff at the safe house believe their approach could help neutralise radicalisation.At the heart of the rehabilitation effort are lessons about Indonesia’s national heroes, building trust and Pancasila, the nation’s ideology which stresses unity and respect for ethnic and religious minorities in a country of some 260 million spread across thousands of islands.“We still teach them that the Quran is the foundation for everything and that they have to believe in it. But if you violate other people’s rights, then that’s not okay” said social worker Sri Musfiah Handayani.Trying to help rehabilitate the children of suicide bombers is largely uncharted territory.“This is the first time that we know of. It’s not a common phenomenon,” said Sidney Jones, director of Jakarta-based Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict.While children are easy prey for extremists, “that vulnerability can also provide a starting point for treatment”, said Haula Noor, an expert in radicalised families at Australian National University.“We should view these children as both victims as well as potential perpetrators” she added. — AFP Indonesia 05 Jul 2019 Rehabilitating child bombers Indonesia 08 Jul 2019 Indonesia’s natural disaster spokesman Nugroho dies {{category}} {{time}} {{title}}last_img read more