El Niño–Southern Oscillation, Pliocene climate and equifinality

first_imgIt has been suggested that, during the Pliocene (ca 5–1.8Ma), an El Niño state existed as a permanent rather than an intermittent feature; that is, the tropical Pacific Ocean was characterized by a much weaker east–west gradient than today. One line of inquiry used to investigate this idea relates modern El Niño teleconnections to Pliocene proxy data by comparing regional differences in precipitation and surface temperature with climate patterns associated with present-day El Niño events, assuming that agreement between Pliocene data and observations of modern El Niño events supports this interpretation. Here, we examine this assumption by comparing outputs from a suite of Mid-Pliocene climate simulations carried out with the UK Met Office climate model. Regional patterns of climate change associated with changes in model boundary conditions are compared with observed El Niño–Southern Oscillation teleconnection patterns. Our results indicate that many of the proposed ‘permanent El Niño’ surface temperature and precipitation patterns are observable in Mid-Pliocene climate simulations even when they display variability in tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs) or when forced with a modern east–west SST gradient. Our experiments highlight the possibility that the same outcome may be achieved through different initial conditions (equifinality); an important consideration for reconstructed patterns of regional Mid-Pliocene climate.last_img read more

Adjunct Faculty – History

first_imgThe instruction of students in the discipline of History.Teaching face to face, online, hybrid and/or blended.Familiarity with LMSResponsibilities/DutiesBased on Master Syllabus, design and teach assigned classsession(s), leveraging digital content and multi-media resources inthe classroom;Assesses student engagement/understanding during each classsession and throughout the semester;Collect, grade, and report assignments and homework;Maintain and update the syllabus and course materials andmaking sure they are available through the College’s LearningManagement System;Advise learners in ways to help them meet their educationalgoals;Assess and evaluate learning;Provide timely, thoughtful and constructive feedback tolearners; andPerform other related duties as assigned.Required QualificationsMinimum Qualifications:Master’s degree in History or closely related fieldOne (1) year of teaching history in post-secondary education orrelated fieldExperience with online teaching and Learning ManagementSoftware (LMS). Description/Job SummaryOverview of Position:last_img read more

Search For Your Indiana School’s 2019 Graduation Rate

first_imgMost schools graduate the vast majority of their students. But graduation rates remain stubbornly low at some schools, such as charter schools that specialize in serving adults and virtual charter schools. Find your school’s information below in our searchable database. Some schools are not included because the state does not release data for schools with fewer than 10 students in the graduating class to comply with federal privacy laws. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharecenter_img Search For Your Indiana School’s 2019 Graduation RateBy Emma Kate Fittes FOR CLARKBEAT, INDIANA Indiana’s graduation rate remains above the national average, according to new data released this week by the Indiana Department of Education, but the percentage of students who graduated dipped slightly in 2019.In 2019, 87% of Indiana students graduated, compared to 88% in 2018. The state has seen relatively steady graduation rates since 2011, fluctuating small amounts each year.“There is still work to be done,” said State Superintendent Jennifer McCormick in a press release. “The Department will continue to commit its resources to local districts, working together to ensure our children graduate prepared for life beyond high school.”last_img read more

Notre Dame Champion Bill Whiteside Sees a New England Win in Super Bowl 51

first_imgBill Whiteside Played on the Notre Dame National Championship Team of 1949. By Tim KellyBill Whiteside knows a thing or two about championship caliber football.The Ocean City resident was a member of Notre Dame’s undefeated and untied 1949 national championship team, as well as the 1948 team that went 9-0-1 (Michigan edged out the Fighting Irish for the championship that year).At the time Whiteside was at South Bend, pro football was still in its formative years and college ball was king. Under legendary coach Frank Leahy, Notre Dame was in the midst of its greatest run of success, going 36-0-2 in four years and winning three national titles during that span.  The 1949 squad is regarded as one of the greatest college teams of all time.Whiteside, a 5-10, 172-pounder from LaSalle High in Philadelphia, saw action at quarterback, halfback and defensive back during his Notre Dame career.Bill shared his views on today’s Super Bowl 51 matchup with OCNJDaily, and like many fans who snoozed through more than a few Super mismatches; he is mostly rooting for a good game.“I don’t care who wins,” the longtime Eagles fan said. “I want to see a good game and I think we will.”Bill feels the Atlanta Falcons have a great chance to pull off the upset and have been largely underrated by the pundits.“They have a good group,” Whiteside said. “They have a terrific quarterback (Matt Ryan), the kid from (Philadelphia’s) Penn Charter. I really like him. And Julio Jones is just an outstanding player. Their running back (Devonta Freeman) is really good, too. They have a nice, balanced offense.  But people have really overlooked their defense.  Nobody expected them to (shut down) Green Bay and Aaron Rodgers the way they did.”If the Falcons pull off another upset, it wouldn’t surprise Whiteside.But on the other hand, he said, the Patriots are still the Patriots.“As much as you have to respect Atlanta, my thinking keeps coming back to New England. I mean, these guys just seem to find a way to win. Heck, they have taken Eagles castoffs who are being really productive for them,” he said in reference to cornerback Eric Rowe, who surrendered just two completions in nine targets in the AFC championship game, and who made a key interception on a Ben Roethlisberger pass late in the game.“It’s coaching,” Whiteside said, “but it’s also the players buying in.”And then of course, there is Tom Brady. “Nobody is better than Brady,” Whiteside said, “but they have a backup in Jimmy Garoppolo who would start for most NFL teams.”  Garoppolo filled in admirably during Brady’s “deflategate” suspension, going 2-0 with zero interceptions before being sidelined with a shoulder injury against Miami.OK, put Whiteside’s feet to the fire and does he think the Falcons win their first-ever Lombardi? Or will Brady get a ring for his thumb?“New England!” Whiteside said with emphasis. “It’s just too hard to go against them.”last_img read more

Lotus Releases Jaw-Dropping New Album ‘Eat The Light’ [Full Stream/Review]

first_imgAs the summer months reach fevered temperatures, with festival culture in full swing, Philadelphia electro-rockers Lotus return with a new studio album Eat the Light, blessing fans with new material in the rapid fashion to which they have become accustomed. Featuring vocals on every track, the brand new jams are coursing with infectious beats and a focus on big, bright choruses. Mixing up styles and criss-crossing genres, the singing can be R&B and indie-rock, female or male, songs rock n’roll and electronic alike. With the release of Eat the Light, Lotus has clearly expanded their horizons and harnessed a new vision; sunglasses just may be in order.   Lotus saw the ‘Magic Hour’ as it’s muse; the time just after sunrise – and just before sunset.  Focusing on simple themes of the summer sunlight and the promise of possibility, set against a subtle paranoia brought on from society’s growing technological oversaturation, the new record is made from a cinematographers perch. Within the art, a listener will find heightened energetic vibrations and surrealism abound; Eat the Light lives in the Magic Hour. “I wanted Eat the Light to be a celebratory album that people could sing along to while driving down the California coast,” says Luke Miller. “This is the sound of summer that makes you want to dance and raise your hands to the sky.”Listen to the full album below, and read on for the full review.Philadelphia based singer-songwriter Mutlu Onaral is most known for collaborating with another local hero, Amos Lee. Onaral contributes vocals on two tracks, including the album opener, “Fearless.” A song about “the indestructible feeling that propels you to try something new and scary,” Lotus channels a disco  vibe, and rocks out with an orchestral arrangement atop interesting percussion. Later in the record, Mutlu rides over “When Our Nerves No Longer Twitch,” which incorporates yet another of Lotus’ many styles, awash in glitch electronics and Wurlitzer wonder, yet as advertised, brings an undeniable hook and catchy chorus. Billboard unveiled “Eats the Light”, the album’s first single, in January. The opening salvo hinted toward the stripped down, minimalist arrangements, and a clear homage to Remain In Light-era Talking Heads. Vocals were handled by Gabe Otto of Pan Astral, who had logged time singing Heads material with Lotus during their Deconstructed shows. The single and the new direction only hinted at the future.  Bubbly analog synths and driving grooves inspired by early-80s Byrne and post-disco dance culture, “Eats the Light” is more than just a dreamland, it’s a canvas of minimalist surrealism in pop art. Technologic-fueled paranoia, in a world oversaturated by bright screens that obscure art, is at the core of this document.“The main focus was to go towards things that were definitely dancey and really hooky, and as far as the arrangement kind of simplify things and go towards pretty classic song structures but definitely keeping that Lotus groove that kind of goes through all our music, no matter what styles the songs are in,” said bassist Jessie Miller.With a pulsating beat and syncopated bassline, “Move Too Fast” is a fun frolic, with Johnny Fissinger of Philly fam Damn Right taking the vocals; while “Anti Gravity” features Los Angeles’ singer Oriel Poole as a sultry songstress atop an aura of summertime romance. Equal parts rock n’roll and EDM, “I’ve Been a Fool (Toy Guns)” pile up layers of sonics in a steady dthat resolves itself mightily. Embracing a raw and unpolished touch, Jesse Miller really emotes on lead vocals, ably assisted by Otto. The duo also inform “Sleep When We Are Dead,” a tune with garage-band origins, that swells into an anthemic stadium swagger fit for rock royalty.It’s not all new faces and newer voices for Lotus on Eat the Light; “White Light Fadeaway” features Steve Yutzy-Burke, welcoming back the old friend. A veteran of seminal material like “Disappear in a Blood Red Sky” and “The Surf”, Burke’s vocals take center stage as the crew channels the Carribean with a bit of psychedelic energy, atypically big synths and bulbous percussion hover about. The more things change, the more they stay the same, and Lotus can always be counted on to reach for the sky, push the envelope, and take big chances in the name and spirit of the art. Eat the Light, despite its somewhat dramatic departures, does nothing to dispel these notions, instead the music and intention found inside the album only should embolden fans to expect such artistic leaps from this band.  B. Getzlast_img read more

The Revivalists Announce Headlining Red Rocks Performance

first_imgIt’s been a long time coming for The Revivalists to headline the legendary Red Rocks Amphitheatre in Morrison, Colorado. The New Orleans-based eight-piece has seen huge growth in the last couple of years, and has deservedly gained commercial success with their hit single “Wish I Knew You”. With New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, Bonnaroo, and BottleRock Festival already in their summer schedule, The Revivalists have announced another check on their bucket list with their first-ever headlining performance at Red Rocks on Thursday, September 13th.While seemingly made for the beloved stage, The Revivalists have only made it to Red Rocks once in the past, when they performed with Michael Franti & Spearhead and JJ Grey & Mofro in August of 2015. As if they were holding out for this very moment, The Revivalists will take the headlining slot this fall with support from Houndmouth and J. Roddy Walston and The Business.The group recently expanded their touring machine to eight people, including David Shaw (lead vocals/guitar), Zack Feinberg (guitar), Andrew Campanelli (drums), George Gekas (bass), Ed Williams (pedal steel guitar), Rob Ingraham (saxophone), Michael Girardot (keys/trumpet), and now PJ Howard (percussion). They’ve only got a few dates on the calendar so far, but 2018 is gearing up to be another busy year for The Revivalists. Head to the band’s website for more information.There is a limited supply of pre-sale tickets available here.THE REVIVALISTS 2018 TOUR DATES:March 4 Phoenix, AZ @ McDowell Mountain Music FestivalApril 11 St. Petersburg, FL @ Jannus LiveApril 12 Orlando, FL @ House of BluesApril 13 Miami, FL @ The FillmoreApril 14 Jacksonville, FL @ Florida TheaterApril 18 Dallas, TX @ House of BluesApril 19 Houston, TX @ House of BluesApril 20 Austin, TX @ Stubb’sApril 21 San Antonio, TX @ Aztec TheatreMay 3 New Orleans, LA @ Saenger TheatreMay 5 New Orleans, LA @ New Orleans Jazz & Heritage FestivalMay 27 Napa, CA @ BottleRock 2018June 9 Manchester, TN @ Bonnaroo Music & Arts FestivalSeptember 13 Morrison, CO @ Red Rocks Amphitheatrelast_img read more

Alcohol in moderation can be good for the heart

first_img Read Full Story An alcoholic drink or two per day may boost heart health by helping to maintain “good” cholesterol (HDL) levels, according to a study of a Chinese population presented at the American Heart Association meeting in New Orleans. The study is one of about 100 studies showing moderate alcohol drinkers generally have fewer cardiovascular events and succumb less often to heart disease, according to a Nov. 13, 2016 Time Magazine article.Eric Rimm, professor in the Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, said studies have shown that one or two alcohol servings daily may reduce one’s risk of a heart event nearly the same as losing about 30 pounds from dieting and physical activity. However, Rimm, who was not involved in the study, said, “I’m hesitant to make that comparison, since weight loss is much more beneficial for other health reasons, such as reducing risk of cancer, diabetes, and other chronic diseases.”last_img read more

Cardinal addesses senators

first_imgThe future of the immigration issue rests not in the hands of those in Washington D.C., but in the hands of today’s youth, a former archbishop said at Student Senate’s meeting Wednesday. Cardinal Roger Mahony, archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles, asked the senators how many of them knew an undocumented student who attended their high schools. Approximately half raised their hands. “We need you, you’re the ones who are going to get this done because you know personally people affected by our current policy which is very broken,” Mahony said. Mahony is currently advocating the Dream Act, a bill that would grant legal residency to undocumented students who attend college, graduate and serve in the military for a minimum of two years. “This act looks at one segment of undocumented people and that’s young people who were brought here at the age of 16 or younger,” Mahony said. “They did not make the choice to come here. They were brought here by parents or relatives.” These young people often graduate from high school and college, Mahony said, but have no where to go from there. “Once they finish college they are at the end of a dead end street because they have no Social Security number of legal status,” he said. “They can’t get a job that is equivalent to their education and training.” Mahony has spoken with many of these “dreamers,” including some attending Saint Mary’s College and Holy Cross College, and said he feels heartbroken by it. “They say to me, ‘What do I do when graduation comes?’ And I don’t have an answer,” he said. “I don’t have any next step to utilize what they have done and gone through to help them.” The Dream Act is a simple yet highly rewarding way to reform the current immigration laws, Mahony said. However, the federal government did not pass the Dream Act when it was before Congress. Mahony said anti-immigration feelings are running high due to the economic downturn. “In 2000, no one was discussing immigration because unemployment was at 3.9 percent and we needed all those people,” he said. “But every time there’s a recession there is always a new focus on immigration as a problem. In our country we’re really bent on blaming someone for our economic downturns, and we inevitably turn to immigration.” Mahony said this constantly changing attitude is similar to the United States erecting a fence with two signs, one that says “No trespassing” and another that says “Help wanted.” For example, the United States claims it does not want or need more workers, Mahony said. However, the undocumented immigrants often perform the jobs that many Americans refuse to do themselves. “If we moved all the standards of regular U.S. employees and the benefits and wages to agriculture, then a head of lettuce would probably cost $5,” Mahony said. “On one sense, we don’t want these people here. On the other hand we like our lettuce for 70 cents a head.” The last major immigration law was the Immigration Regulation and Control Act of 1986, Mahony said. This act gave a limited amnesty to undocumented immigrants who had been living in the U.S., working and paying their bills for the past five years. Mahony said many church leaders asked the federal government to include plans for the future in the act and the government promised to address that issue later, but never did. “Now we have 11 million undocumented living in the U.S. today, almost all of them living in blended families where some members are documented and some are not,” he said. “And we can’t move them out of the shadows.” The dreamers represent a very small portion of the undocumented, Mahony said, a portion whose talents and gifts are being wasted. In the meantime, he said the only advice he can offer these students is to remain in school despite the discouragement they often feel. “It is better to be educated than not educated,” he said. “As we move down the road and there’s an opportunity for you to become legal, and we’re going to get there, your having a college education is extremely valuable.”last_img read more

Women’s basketball team hosts Spin-A-Thon

first_imgThe Notre Dame women’s basketball team’s Pink Zone fundraiser kicks off Friday at noon the 12-hour Spin-A-Thon at the Rockne Memorial to raise money and awareness for breast cancer research.North Carolina State head coach Kay Yow, who died in 2009 from breast cancer, started the Pink Zone in 2007 as a competition to see which women’s basketball team could raise the most money for breast cancer research, and Notre Dame’s women’s basketball team has continued to make the event its signature cause.“It originally started as a competition for all of women’s basketball, and we just kept going with it,” Sharla Lewis, special events coordinator for the women’s basketball team, said. “They’ve renamed it to Play 4Kay, but we keep it at Pink Zone because all of our fund doesn’t go to the Kay Yow [Cancer Fund.] Seventy-five percent goes to St. Joseph Regional Medical Center, then we have five percent that goes to Riverbank Cancer Services and then the other 20 percent goes to Kay Yow.”Tabbitha Ashford, fitness and instructional program coordinator for RecSports, said the Spin-A-Thon is a more recent addition to the Pink Zone, which originally started with the Pink Game played every year by the women’s basketball team.“This is our fifth [Spin-A-Thon], but I believe women’s basketball has been involved six or seven years now,” she said. “Originally it was 24 hours, noon to noon, Friday through Saturday. … We keep it very basic, so this year it’s $12, but if you want to ride one hour or 12, you can do whatever you prefer.”Ashford said there is always something to occupy the bikers’ time.“Some of those hours are, ‘Hey, we’ve got an instructor coming to teach a class, come get a workout in.’ And then other hours are simply, ‘Hey, come sit on the bike, we’ve got a movie going on,’” Ashford said. “I find the community here is really great about just wanting to be a part of it.”Lewis said in addition to the players who stop in at the Spin-A-Thon, women’s basketball head coach Muffet McGraw is active in the event.“[Coach McGraw] is going to be there at noon on Friday. She looks at this as a way for her to give back, and a lot of times it’s hard for her to get out there, especially during the season, but this is a way for her to be able to give back,” Lewis said. “It’s amazing, I’ve never seen anything like it, and people love Coach McGraw, and Coach McGraw loves and appreciates her fans.”Senior guard Hannah Huffman said she appreciates the Spin-A-Thon as an opportunity to support the team’s fans and thank them for their support throughout the season.“I just think it’s a really great way to give back, because usually the people who are on the bikes either know someone who’s had breast cancer or had breast cancer themselves,” she said. “It’s just really awesome that we get to go encourage them. A lot of them are fans too, and they come and support us, and we’re just playing basketball, and they’re really doing something for a great cause, so it’s really nice that we’re able to go out there and encourage them as well.”In addition to money raised through donations and participation in the Spin-A-Thon, the team is raising money through a fundraiser with Blaze Pizza on Eddy Street this year, selling merchandise at games and auctioning items donated by various members of the Notre Dame community, Lewis said.“I’m just amazed about how we support each other,” she said. “We have a Bible that’s personalized by [University president Fr. John] Jenkins. It’s amazing how people see the cause and want to be able to help and participate.”Ashford said the highlight of the Pink Zone, though, is the Pink Game against Miami at 1 p.m. Sunday.“A lot of [students] may come to the Spin-A-Thon, but I think they miss out not going to the game,” she said. “It’s not the same as every other game, and it really brings everything together.”Huffman echoed that sentiment and said the Pink Game is now one of the games she looks forward to on the schedule every year.“It’s definitely one of the coolest games,” she said. “I think it’s really cool to see so many fans come and support such a great cause. The gym looks awesome as well. It’s just really cool to see the kind of support that they’re not only giving us but [also] giving a great cause.”Lewis said the community’s support of the team and people battling breast cancer is clear at the Pink Game.“We ask that the cancer survivors come down, and we wrap around the baseline of the court and we either have our boxers or our rugby team come out, and they give the survivors roses while we have our halftime performance,” she said.Huffman said the Pink Zone fundraiser makes her understand her position as a student-athlete, the support of the fans and the cause.“I think sometimes we take for granted the platform that we’re able to be on as student-athletes, and I think that realizing that you can make a difference and do something so great is definitely satisfying, and it makes you realize it’s just bigger than basketball,” she said.Tags: Breast Cancer Research, fundraiser, Pink Zone, Spin-A-Thonlast_img read more

FTT’s ‘Stupid Humans’ brings student-written work to the stage

first_imgThis Thursday, FTT’s production of “Stupid Humans,” a pop-musical written by and starring junior Jorge “Jay” Rivera-Herrans, will open up to a sold-out crowd. The musical itself is based around a common problem students at Notre Dame will face — it revolves around the main character grappling with the choice of following his dreams and going out on a limb for what he wants, or picking a sensible and stable future. The production will run from Thursday until March 3.Rivera-Herrans said the idea for the musical was sparked from real world experience with his own deliberation between switching majors, after initially coming into Notre Dame as a pre-medicine major.“It got to the point where I hated doing pre-med stuff and I loved doing theater … so one day I switched majors without telling my parents,” he said. “I got a lot of backlash for it, and the pressure got to be so high that I felt like I needed to express myself in some way. I grew up writing pop songs on the side — just for fun — so I figured, why not try writing a musical about this exact experience, since I felt so strongly about it. And that’s where ‘Stupid Humans’ came from.”After Rivera-Herrans began writing music for what would turn into “Stupid Humans,” he played one the songs for one of his professors, Matt Hawkins. Hawkins, the head of the Musical Theatre minor at Notre Dame, said he was interested in hearing more and agreed to work with Rivera-Herrans. He eventually became the director for the production.“He was in a class of mine and he sang a song that I’d never heard of and I said, ‘what is that?’ And we started talking and he said he was working on a musical … I was like, ‘let’s do it,’” Hawkins said.With the help of Hawkins and the music department, the production of “Stupid Humans” was able to begin.“This is the first time that we have really put the money and the resources behind a student written work from a departmental standpoint,” Hawkins said. ”And, on top of that, it being a musical is just an ambitious project, so yeah, we encourage it, but we’ve never done it at this level.”The fact that “Stupid Humans” is an original piece that has never been performed before is one that gives the cast and crew a lot of freedom in portrayals and other aspects of the show, Rivera-Herrans said.“Since it’s new work, we have the flexibility to change things here and there, so it’s constantly changing,” he said. “It’s more fun to do new work. It’s so cool because I wrote these characters and I have an idea of what they would look like in my head, but everyone else doesn’t — there’s nothing to look up, nothing to Google. They read the material and they just make it their own, and it’s so cool because some things came out different than I expected, but they’re better like that.”Madelyn Steurer, a junior playing the best friend to Rivera-Herrans’ lead, also has a story similar to Rivera-Herrans of switching from pre-med to a major that held more of her interest. She said people will be able to identify aspects of themselves in the unique production.“It’s super rewarding to see it all come together and to know that we created this,” Steurer said. ”We are the first to do this, and it’s been awesome to give voice to a character that hasn’t been done before, and to bring her to life.”Hawkins said “Stupid Humans” is especially applicable to students at Notre Dame because they are going through many of the same conflicts the characters of the production are as well.“So if, you want some music and you want some jams, then come see it,” Hawkins said. ”And, on top of that, it’s for undergrads. It’s for this population. I think they’re getting pulled by family and they’re getting pulled by society and they’re getting pulled by what their heart says.”“It’s about what you should do and what you want to do and trying to balance work and life and your passion. And a lot of us think that you need to have a certain path because you have to make money and you have to provide for families,” Hawkins said. ”You have to do all those things, which are great, admirable things to do. Do you ever sacrifice what you want and what you love to do those things — where can you find a balance?”Rivera-Herrans believes there is something for everyone at the show, and it is accessible across the board.”I think there’s something for everyone in this show,” he said. ”While the main theme is following your dreams, there are other themes of coming to accepting yourself, making friends, accepting others and just coming together as kids.”Steurer emphasized the importance of taking the lesson of the musical and following the dreams that seem to not be attainable.“To take a quote from the show, ‘The biggest dreams we dream are those we dream together,’” Steurer said. ”And it’s all about, at our age, being able to encourage people to follow their biggest dreams because you might think it’s not possible, but we need creators in the world, and we need people being unique and themselves.”Tags: Film, film television and theater, film television and theatre, musical theatre, Stupid Humanslast_img read more