The sweep of jazz history

first_img Randy Weston’s first recordings as a band leader began in the mid-1950s; he has released more than 40 recordings over five-plus decades. Compositions such as “Hi-Fly” and “Little Niles” have become jazz standards. A poster from a State Department tour of Africa in 1967. Weston’s tours of the African continent aimed to bring traditional African music to the consciousness of its Western descendants, and bring the best of American jazz music back to Africans. The legendary jazz pianist and composer Randy Weston spent a lifetime using music to tell stories that crossed cultures and continents. On Wednesday, Harvard will honor the 90-year-old for his extraordinary body of work and the University’s acquisition of his personal archive during a celebration at Agassiz Theater.“Man, how did I get here?” the spirited entertainer said during a phone call from his New York home last week. “When I trace my life and the musicians I’ve played with — I’m so blessed. I’ve met almost everyone in my life through music.”Weston’s archive reads as a “Who’s Who” of jazz greats, literary luminaries, pioneering performers, and social activists. In one breath, Weston ticked off collaborations with Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, Melba Liston, and John Lee Hooker, then recalled meeting Marshall W. Stearns, his correspondence with Langston Hughes (whose poem inspired Weston’s 1960 landmark album “Uhuru Afrika”), and his travels to Nigeria with Nina Simone as part of a U.S. delegation.Jazz pianist Randy Weston at HarvardJazz pianist Randy Weston performs live as part of the Learning from Performers program at the Office for the Arts at Harvard in 1999. “I felt perfectly at home in Africa,” recalled Weston, who grew up in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn, where his father taught him a deep love for his ancestral roots and an appreciation for collecting journals and historical papers. “It was like I had never left.”His time in Africa is one compelling aspect of the archive that Ingrid Monson, the Quincy Jones Professor of African-American Music, is particularly excited to use in her own research and in teaching future courses.“He is one of the key people to link jazz and Africa. He ran a jazz club in Morocco for many years, and worked with many African musicians there. I knew in these materials there would be a lot of things documenting that time. When Sarah Adams [the Richard F. French Librarian of the Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library] and I went to look at the archive, it was astonishing, and extremely well-organized. There are materials about him, but also jazz as a whole,” she said. Randy Weston with his longtime collaborator Melba Liston in 1985. Liston was a jazz trombonist, musical arranger, and composer, as well as the first female trombonist to play in American big bands during the 1940s. The archive includes a wealth of original flyers, handbills, announcements, and visually evocative posters that reflect the jazz scene of the 1960s and ’70s. Images courtesy of Randy Westoncenter_img Weston, his daughter Pamela, and his son Azzedine Niles in Morocco in the late 1960s. The Weston archive, which includes an estimated 300 manuscript scores and 1,300 audio and visual media, will reside in the Music Library and will be available to the public. It marks the first archival collaboration among the Jazz Research Initiative, the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research, the dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, and the Harvard Library.“When Ingrid brought this as a proposal, I could see why it was of interest to her and of greater interest to Harvard. It’s a very deep archive that has multidisciplinary implications,” Adams said. “The archive offers such a detailed picture of the jazz world over a long period of time. I have the sense that he had, from early on, a sense of history and his place in it — his connection to ancestors, the places he’s been, and the people he’s been connected to.”The visit is a coming home of sorts for Weston, who feels connected to the University and to Massachusetts. As a young man, he worked as a dishwasher and landscaper in the Berkshires (“I got my first traffic ticket in Pittsfield”), and he performed with the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 1981. He recorded Count Basie’s “Harvard Blues” in 1993 with Johnny Copeland singing the George Frazier (’32) lyrics about social life on campus.“I’ve always loved this piece,” said Weston, who came to campus in 1999 when he took the stage with Tom Everett and the Harvard Jazz Band as part of the Office for the Arts’ Learning from Performers program.These days, the pace of his performance schedule moves only slightly slower than it did in decades past, and his hands are ever nimble. Along with a performance Wednesday with his African Rhythms Quintet, the elder jazz statesman will also play the role of scholar, speaking about life on a global music stage and the social history he witnessed.“He’s a natural-born teacher,” said Adams. “He loves to share, and having him available to put his archive in context is as amazing as the archive itself.”Harvard will celebrate Weston and the acquisition of his archive at 7 p.m. on Wednesday in the Horner Room in Agassiz Theater. Admission is free, but tickets, available through the Harvard Box Office, are required. 617-496-2222.SaveSave Weston performing with Dizzy Gillespie. Weston emerged from a thriving musical scene in 1950s Brooklyn. His most enduring musical influence was Thelonious Monk, who welcomed Weston into his home in the early ’50s and nurtured his talent.last_img read more

Indonesia to keep withholding virus samples for now

first_imgAug 9, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Indonesian health officials said this week they will continue withholding samples of the H5N1 avian influenza virus at least until a new virus-sharing mechanism is worked out at an international meeting in November.The statements came in response to criticism earlier this week from a World Health Organization (WHO) official, who said Indonesia was endangering global health by withholding the viruses.In December, Indonesia stopped sharing its H5N1 samples with the WHO as a protest against the cost of commercial vaccines derived from such samples. The samples are needed for tracking the mutations and spread of the virus and for developing vaccines.Indonesia said it would resume sharing its H5N1 samples in May when the World Health Assembly passed a resolution asking the WHO to establish an international stockpile of H5N1 vaccines and create an interdisciplinary working group to draw up new “terms of reference” for the sharing of flu viruses by WHO collaborating centers and reference laboratories.At that juncture the country sent three H5N1 samples to the WHO, which appeared to end its embargo. However, David Heymann, the WHO’s assistant director-general for communicable diseases, said at a press conference Aug 6 that the samples contained no live viruses.”Indonesia is putting the public health security of the whole world at risk because they’re not sharing viruses,” Heymann said in the press briefing. The briefing dealt with a WHO-sponsored meeting in Singapore last week, where a working group of officials from 23 countries drew up virus-sharing proposals to be considered further at the November meeting.Triono Soendoro, Indonesia’s deputy health minister for research, told the Financial Times yesterday that the samples the country sent the WHO in May were adequate for determining if a viral mutation had occurred.Indonesia will resume sending samples only when a formal system is established that ensures developing countries receive equitable access to affordable vaccines made from the samples they share, Soendoro told the Times. “If that’s not all ready and we send samples, anything could happen. It’s a simple request to be transparent, to be accountable,” he said.It wasn’t clear if Indonesia would begin sharing viruses again once the working group’s plan is completed at the WHO intergovernmental meeting in November or when the final agreement is approved at the World Health Assembly next May, the Times reported.However, Lily Sulistyowati, an Indonesian health ministry spokesperson, said the country would wait for the new virus-sharing mechanism to be approved at the November meeting before resuming sending virus samples, the Jakarta Post reported today.”However, anyone who needs the virus can file a special request to us officially,” she told the Post. Sulistyowati also said she couldn’t understand why the WHO didn’t complain earlier about the samples Indonesia sent in May, according to the Post report.See also:Aug 7 CIDRAP News article “WHO: Indonesia’s withholding of viruses endangers world”Aug 1 CIDRAP News story “WHO working group grappling with virus-sharing issues”last_img read more