Whether you’re looking for information on a seaslug named after Nelson Mandela or advice on how to deal with fig tree-eating beetles, Museum Online South Africa’s Biodiversity Explorer will answer all your questions – and a lot more.The information-packed website, hosted by Iziko Museums of Cape Town, gives fascinating details about new or little-known species, recent discoveries in the field of biodiversity and today’s threats like anthrax and the HIV/Aids virus.It has a “Spotlight On” section, listing interesting developments on the biodiversity front and a “Shadow Falls On” section about the latest bugs or pests and how to deal with them.The site has a comprehensive search facility with an extensive database on fauna and flora, not necessarily specific to southern Africa.On the Mandelia microcornata seaslug, named after Nelson Mandela by two marine biologists who discovered it, Angel Valdes and Terry Gosliner, Biodiversity Explorer says: “It is regarded as something of an honour to have a species of organism named after you.“To have a genus named after you is even more of an honour because new genera are less often named than new species. However, an even greater honour is to have a family named after you because new families are rarely created.”In why they named the seaslug after Mandela, the two said: “This South African genus is named Mandelia to honour Nelson Mandela, who led the struggle for a multiracial government in South Africa.”The specific name is taken from the Latin word mirus (meaning odd) and cornus (meaning horn), “referring to the particular shape of the rhinophores of this species”. Mandelia microcornata has only been found along the Cape Peninsula coastline.The Biodiversity Explorer has plenty of useful information on how to tackle common pests like head lice and cat fleas in an environmentally sound way and how to distinguish between poisonous and non-poisonous spiders and scorpions.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
These screenwriting tips are fundamental, simple, and have worked for many writers time and again.Whether you are searching for your next great idea, developing a multifaceted protagonist, or finding a plot twist no one saw coming, the source of greatness for all screenwriters comes from the same place: a sheer passion for storytelling. With this passion comes the desire to get better and better at your craft.If you want to tell great, emotive stories then you must write about what moves you, what makes your blood boil or infuses you with great energy. Therein lays one of the great challenges of screenwriting: communicating your story, characters and message to an audience in such a way that makes them feel. After all, we want our stories to leave imprints on the mind once the story has been consumed and left behind.Below are 8 tips that I recommend for the beginner or intermediate screenwriter. By following these ideas your final screenplay will be that much more true to your own vision, and ideally more sellable.1. Read Screenplays of your Favorite FilmsThere are endless amounts of screenplays available online to the general public. If you’ve recently watched a movie you enjoyed, or have a few all-time favorites, track down the screenplay online and get reading.There are many moving parts to how a film gets made and watching that film, will help you to partially understand why it was so successful – the acting, the set design, direction, etc. – however, it is even more helpful to see the film in its original form. When you see the film’s blueprint, you’re able to visualize what has changed since the script was originally written (what worked and what didn’t). Knowing what translates well to the big screen is a very valuable tool to have. It’s also helpful to see the style in which films of different genres are written so that you can apply some of those techniques to your own work.2. Have Something to SayThe best movies are the ones that give you something to think about after the credits have rolled and you’ve left the theatre. This a direct result of the writer having something to say, and having a clear message to send. Not only will this give you, the writer, great direction in creating your story but it will also help you to achieve the goal all writers and filmmakers have: making a film that leaves it’s mark in history.3. Every Scene Needs an Intention or GoalIf you ever come out of a theatre underwhelmed by the film you saw and hear yourself thinking “that was long”, what you actually mean is that you found yourself bored at times (most likely, many times). In most cases, if you find yourself bored then you weren’t given much from your main character(s) by way of their goals or intentions, which is one of the most important elements in writing your story – your characters must have goals!Once you know what your characters aim to achieve you must make sure that every scene in your screenplay acts as a means to your characters end. Further, your audience must be able to identify these intentions throughout the film. It is when your audience can no longer identify what your character has set out to do that they begin to disconnect from the film, look at their watches, and start heading for the car. Ensure that all your scenes layout goals for your characters and upon that goal’s completion, set up another one and so on.These goals will work to support the development of your character, place them in a position to make decisions (hopefully tough ones) and help build their character. Subsequently, this allows the audience to understand what your characters are “made of” and what they stand for, which gives us something to chew on while your story unfolds.4. Make Your Protagonist Likeable Early OnWhile plot points are of course an integral part of a successful screenplay, it is your characters that truly drive your story – specifically your protagonist. It is through their eyes that the story unfolds for an audience, and that the viewer has someone to cheer for. Therefore, when creating your protagonist, audience connection is vital. As a writer, you must get to know your protagonist early on in the writing process and do everything you can to translate their nature/desires/problems on page 1 of your script. Your hero must have hopes, fears, dreams, challenges, etc. and we (the audience) must feel their despair and achievements early on and throughout the duration of the film.5. Less is More When it Comes to TextA screenplay is not meant to read like a novel. At all costs, avoid lengthy paragraphs and overly descriptive writing. First and foremost, a good script should be no more than 120 pages and ideally, should be about 110 pages in length. Therefore, there’s only so much room to work with.A good rule of thumb: if you can’t show it on the screen, then avoid putting it in the script. There is no need to write your characters thoughts or feelings into your screenplay. After all, your audience isn’t reading your script, they are watching a motion picture. Therefore, leave out what can’t be shown visually or revealed in dialogue – it will only throw off the pacing and lead to unnecessary re-writes down the the road, when you could have spent that time revising other elements of the screenplay.6. Avoid Forced Exposition at All CostsThere are few things worse than the sight of constant exposition in a film. Sometimes when you’re in the thick of writing a great story, you feel it’s hard to omit a good portion of it from your script. However, forced exposition must be omitted at all costs.If you have trouble identifying what ‘must go’, understand that your writing will feel forced if 1) your characters are engaged in a conversation about subject matter in which they should obviously already be familiar; and 2) your characters bring up crucial information about the story out of nowhere, for the sake of informing the audience about key facts, which are integral to our understanding of the film. These awkward ways of feeding the audience information will not reflect real human behavior or interaction and will profoundly affect the ways in which your audience must relate or empathize with your characters. Audiences are generally quite smart and will pick up on things naturally, so always remember that you don’t need to shove it down their throats.7. Write DailyIt can be a challenge to consistently write, which is why even for the best writers out there it requires focus and discipline. As a professional writer, you must commit to writing/working on your script each and every day. Set your intentions early on in the writing process and commit to your goals. Writing can be an arduous task but if you set an intention to write every single day, then two things will happen: you will become a better writer and you WILL finish your script.8. FinishWhen it comes to screenwriting, many people will argue what the “hardest part” is. Is it the simple act of getting started? Or is finding a unique story that is different than what we’ve seen before? Maybe it’s letting go of scenes that you like, but just aren’t working.In my opinion, one of the hardest parts of the process is knowing when to stop. Hanging on to your screenplay and making revision after revision (beyond the scope of what’s necessary) renders your script overworked, and ultimately makes the story feel tired. Of course, take the required time to get your ideas down on paper, and make as many edits as you (and those helping) deem necessary, but know when to let go and identify when you’ve got a product that is ready to be shot and seen.There is no question that as a screenwriter, you are passionate about storytelling. If your goal is to write screenplays at a professional level, then you must consider the dangers that prevent you from telling a great story, as well as the techniques available to help your story transcend the realm of text to motion pictures. You need to do your homework, dedicate yourself to your craft, have a clear message to send, make your characters as human as possible (people with dreams that must be realized in spite of conflict), and know when your text begins to compromise how your story will be interpreted and felt by your audience. Above all, you must be willing to do whatever it takes to tell a complete story and be open to the constructive feedback that will make your script a success.
Liverpool battling FA to avoid Carabao Cup expulsionby Paul Vegas25 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool are battling to stay in the Carabao Cup.The Daily Mail says Liverpool have become embroiled in a row with the FA as they battle to avoid being expelled from the Carabao Cup for fielding an ineligible player in last week’s win over MK Dons.In ordinary circumstances expulsion from the competition is the standard sanction for using a player who isn’t eligible, but Liverpool are understood to be pinning the blame on the FA in the hope of being given a lesser punishment. Liverpool contend they applied for an international transfer certificate for Pedro Chirivella when he returned to Anfield from a loan spell in Spain with Extremadura last summer, but the 22-year-old had not received clearance when he came off the bench for the final 27 minutes of Liverpool’s third-round victory on Wednesday. The club are blaming the FA for the administrative oversight as they first sought clearance for Chirivella in July, which they will use in mitigation to try to prevent being thrown out of the competition.The FA’s position is that it is the responsibility of the clubs to make sure all their players are eligible to play. About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
IG/rickray01Just ahead of today’s NCAA Tournament action, Mississippi State athletic director Scott Stricklin announced that it will be replacing Rick Ray as head men’s basketball coach. Ray, who was 37-60 in three years in Starkville, just released a very classy statement, thanking Mississippi State for the opportunity and praising the university community.Before taking over in Starkville, Ray had been an assistant at Purdue and Clemson. Expect him to latch on with another power program’s staff soon enough.
This part of the NBA calendar typically sees players changing addresses more often than team executives. So it’s an abrupt change of pace to see the Los Angeles Lakers name Magic Johnson their new president of basketball operations, thus pushing out general manager Mitch Kupchak and executive vice president of basketball operations Jim Buss just two days before the trade deadline. The move has instant ramifications for how the Lakers will run their business, and may have even more drastic implications for the future of the franchise’s young players.It’s unclear exactly what sort of team president Johnson will make. But he’s laid out a few thoughts explaining his shortcomings, and how he may ultimately handle the job.Johnson, who once played for, coached and held ownership stake in the Lakers, acknowledged this month that he doesn’t have a firm grasp of the NBA’s collective bargaining agreement or the salary cap. He added he’s been spending time getting up to speed. (Brushing up on tampering rules — which he violated last year— might be a good idea, too.)Johnson has also been clear in saying he’d like to recruit friend and fellow Lakers legend Kobe Bryant to join him in the front office. (There are reports circulating that Bryant’s player agent, Rob Pelinka, is the frontrunner to replace Mitch Kupchak as the team’s general manager.) He and the Lakers will need to walk a fine line if they make an untraditional hire like Pelinka, or someone else who’s never served in such a capacity. The struggling Knicks, currently led by ex-Lakers coach Phil Jackson, have learned the hard way that things can get bumpy when a pair of people at the top of the organization take jobs they’ve never had to do before.Whoever helps him run the team, they’ll be working with a team that finally stepped outside center ring of the NBA’s media circus. It wasn’t that long ago that former head coach Byron Scott was telling reporters he didn’t believe 3-pointers win championships, and Buss was elbowing his way into doomed free agent meetings. Over the last two seasons, though, and especially this season under Walton, the Lakers have fashioned themselves into a modern NBA team.In 2014-15, the Lakers attempted just 18.9 threes per game, which ranked 25th in the league. Last season, the number of attempts per game climbed considerably to 24.6, but largely because of the disintegrating husk of Kobe Bryant, which flung 7.1 threes per night (making just 28.5 percent). This season, they’re attempting 26.4 threes per game (13th in the league) and making 35.4 percent (19th). And after having the league’s second-worst offense on a points per possession basis last season, this season L.A. is… well, still not great, but improving. They’ve successfully worked themselves up into being an average team.But while the team has been moving toward basic competence, there’s some worry that “average” may be this group’s ceiling. And that may explain the move to bring in Johnson. These are the Lakers after all, and the Lakers run on stars.L.A. is stocked with young prospects, but haven’t yet unearthed a drop-dead star. Former No. 2 overall pick D’Angelo Russell is a hugely fun player, but he hasn’t progressed as quickly as many hoped he would after a tumultuous rookie season. Brandon Ingram, the No. 2 pick in the 2016 draft, has been even worse. Ingram is averaging 8 points, 4.1 rebounds and 1.9 assists in 27.7 minutes per game on 36.3 percent from the floor, 30.4 percent from three and 65.5 percent from the line. (That’s a 45.1 true shooting percentage, if you were wondering.) Ingram is still valued by the franchise enough that L.A. reportedly would not consider trading him for DeMarcus Cousins, but his play so far this season has been a very bad sign. For instance, an updated CARMELO projection using his stats from this season now predicts he will produce about $34 million over the next five seasons. Coming into the season, those same five years were expected to be equivalent to about $121.3 million in value.Of L.A.’s young prospects, Julius Randle, the third-year power forward taken seventh overall in 2014, has fared the best. Randle’s per-game numbers haven’t budged too much, but Walton has run the offense through Randle for long stretches. Walton was a known Draymond-whisperer during his time as an assistant in Golden State, and it’s not hard to see Green’s imprint when Randle is running the break, hitting runners for easy baskets. Randle’s percent of possessions that end with an assist has nearly doubled, going from 11 last season to 20.2 this season, and the added touches have made him more patient with his own offense as well — his true shooting has crept up to a respectable 53.8, after posting a dismal 48.2 in his first full season. That’s good progress, but likely not at the level Johnson is thinking when he says his goal is to “return our Los Angeles Lakers to NBA champions.”In a lot of ways, the Los Angeles Lakers’ prolonged absence from the national spotlight has been a positive indicator. Troubled franchises tend to make headlines only when something is going cosmically wrong, like the Sacramento Kings trading their best player for a crate of oranges, or the President of the New York Knicks engaging in a Twitter war with a star player who won’t allow himself to be traded. The Lakers’ return to the circus comes at a time when tactical decisions for the franchise’s immediate future are looming, but the basic culture and basketball sensibilities being built around the team are just as important.Johnson used to be part of that culture, and used to define those sensibilities. But shaping a team as a rookie executive is a very different proposition than doing so as a Hall of Fame player. Johnson has a lot of things working in his favor in Los Angeles, but what he won’t have is a player as good as Magic Johnson suiting up every night. It’s up to him to set that right.Check out our latest NBA predictions.
OSU then-redshirt junior shortstop Maddy McIntyre (30) throws the ball to first base against Ohio on April 21 at Buckeye Field. OSU defeated Ohio, 12-4. Credit: Lantern file photoThe Ohio State softball team’s 15th Annual Ohio Collegiate Charity Classic, which benefits the Stefanie Spielman Fund for Breast Cancer Research, is scheduled to host 22 teams from three different states on Saturday and Sunday at Buckeye Field and Fred Beekman Park.OSU softball coach Kelly Kovach Schoenly said it has been incredible to see the growth of the event since its start in 2001.“We want our players to be significant and to pay it forward,” she said. “Having these powerful women outside of our team join the fight to end breast cancer means a lot to the program.”The event has become one of the largest fundraisers for Breast Cancer Awareness Month in central Ohio, bringing in more than $200,000 for the Stefanie Spielman Fund over the past 14 years.Redshirt senior catcher and first baseman Erika Leonard said that raising awareness about breast cancer and research is extremely important to her.“My mom had breast cancer and is now going on to be a 17-year survivor,” Leonard said. “Without the advancements in research, my mom might’ve not been here today.”Entrance to the event is a $5 donation, with all proceeds from ticket sales and concessions benefiting the Stefanie Spielman Fund.Madison Spielman, a fourth-year in communications and daughter of the late Stefanie Spielman, said she is grateful for the effort to continue to fight the disease.“It’s a reminder that even after six years since her passing, our mom’s legacy still lives on,” Madison Spielman said. “It means the world to have the support from the school I love.”Redshirt senior shortstop Maddy McIntyre said it is a great feeling for the team to be part of something bigger than each individual.“My favorite part is when the Spielman family comes out and throws the first pitch of the tournament,” McIntyre said.After the first pitch from the Spielman family, OSU is set play against Miami (Ohio) on Saturday at 12:45 p.m.The following day, the team will split into two squads: OSU Scarlet and OSU Gray. Team Scarlet is set to face Northern Kentucky at 9:30 a.m. at Buckeye Field, while Team Gray is scheduled to play Toledo at 11:45 a.m.
OSU redshirt senior quarterback J.T. Barrett (16) scans the field after a snap during the 2017 spring game at Ohio Stadium on April 15. Credit: Mason Swires | Assistant Photo EditorThe last time the Ohio State football team touched the field at Ohio Stadium, they were joined by thousands of fans who jumped from their seats in celebration of former H-back Curtis Samuel’s walk-off touchdown in double overtime against the Michigan Wolverines. Little did players or fans alike know that — thanks to a 31-0 shutout loss at the hands of the Clemson Tigers on Dec. 31 — it would be the last Buckeye touchdown they would see in more than four months. However, at the 2017 spring game, it took just under four minutes for redshirt senior quarterback J.T. Barrett to find redshirt sophomore tight end A.J. Alexander in the back of the endzone — the first sign of many in the afternoon that offseason changes might be paying dividends for the Scarlet and Gray offense. Co-offensive coordinator Kevin Wilson, who joined the team in the offseason, said the improvements seen in Saturday’s game were a direct result of spring practice.“We kind of did a lot of things we’ve been practicing,” he said. “We didn’t necessarily try to hide things. We didn’t try to throw everything out there. I thought we’d had a solid spring, lot of areas need improving, I just wanted — because we’re playing enough young guys — that when we came into the arena, they didn’t make all the good things I’ve seen in practice bigger than it looks.”Wilson, formerly the head coach at Indiana, was described by Barrett as a “competitor” who is “always in attack mode” and has helped the Buckeye offense find its past rhythm.“I think the thing about the Ohio State offense is we’re always on the attack and at times, I think we got away from that,” Barrett said. “But now, (Wilson’s) main focus is to make sure that we’re always on attack and that we’re beating the guy across from us.”While in the spring game the “guy across” was a familiar face, both Team Scarlet and Team Gray had success beating their defensive counterparts. Scarlet posted 460 offensive yards while Gray totaled 385. The majority of yardage for both teams came from the passing game, which was a sore spot at times for the 2016 team. Redshirt junior wide receiver Johnnie Dixon, who was a highlight for Team Scarlet with 108 yards and two touchdowns, described the passing game as “wonderful” and noted that the receiving group is full of playmakers. “(The offense) feels a lot better,” Dixon said. “We’re doing different things, and we’re attacking situations different. Everything we’re doing is working.”Barrett said this is the best spring he’s had for accuracy, but was quick to add there is still work to be done to become “competitively excellent.” Those areas, he said, include pass protection, downfield passing and finishing plays.“We’ve got to come out pushing and striving to make sure that when it comes to game time, everybody is on the same page and we get those three things accomplished,” Barrett said. “I think we’re on the right path for that, but to say we’re competitively excellent on the game plan? Not yet, but we have time to that we’re not playing the ball.”
The Ohio State team celebrates after defensive lineman Dre’mont Jones recovered a fumble in the end zone for a touchdown in the fourth quarter of the game against Michigan State on Nov. 10. Ohio State won 26-6. Credit: Casey Cascaldo | Photo EditorTraveling to East Lansing, Michigan, facing a team that has given it trouble in the past, No. 10 Ohio State got through its November game against No. 18 Michigan State, defeating the Spartans 26-6 on Saturday.Here are three things Ohio State can take from this game into its next matchup against Maryland on Nov. 17. Defensive line steps up After the Buckeyes’ win against Michigan State, junior defensive end Jonathon Cooper said every game against the Spartans, no matter the rank of the teams involved, is two things: tough and physical. The Spartans came in with a reputation to uphold, carrying the No. 1 rush defense in the country. But the Ohio State rush defense showed what it could do. The Buckeyes allowed 54 yards on 18 carries, with opposing backs averaging three yards per carry. But the majority of those rushing yards came on one single play. Michigan State redshirt freshman quarterback Rocky Lombardi recorded one 47-yard rush in the third quarter. Other than that, the Buckeye defensive front was stifling, allowing seven yards on 17 carries, including one yard for sophomore running back and leading rusher Connor Heyward. Ohio State also provided a consistent pressure in the backfield, getting both to Lombardi and redshirt junior quarterback Brian Lewerke in the backfield. Despite only recording two tackles for loss and no sacks, the Ohio State defensive line recorded six quarterback hits, including three by sophomore defensive end Chase Young. These quarterback rushes led to rushed throws by both quarterbacks, creating turnovers, including an interception by redshirt freshman safety Shaun Wade. Haskins continues to struggle Playing in the middle of mid-20s weather with consistent wind, redshirt sophomore quarterback Dwayne Haskins feels like he did relatively well, other than a deep threat to redshirt senior wide receiver Terry McLaurin.“The deep ball I had to Terry, I let that one go,” Haskins said. “I probably should have taken a little bit off of that one, but otherwise than that, I was pretty accurate all day.” Haskins was accurate in terms of a normal quarterback. However, with the numbers he has put up this season, it still was a bit of a down game for the redshirt sophomore. Completing 68.3 percent of his passes this season, Haskins completed 61.5 percent of his throws on Saturday, the third-lowest percentage in a game for him this season. He also recorded the fewest passing yards in a single game this season, throwing for 227 yards, with his longest going for 25 yards. Haskins’ only touchdown pass against Michigan State was on a 1-yard shovel pass to redshirt senior wide receiver Parris Campbell for the first score of the game. Yes, Haskins missed redshirt senior wide receiver Johnnie Dixon twice because of drops, but the quarterback did not show that same electricity he has brought to games in the past. People can blame the weather, can blame the play-calling with the focus on the running game, especially after finding success with it last week against Nebraska. However, despite what Haskins said postgame, his stats show another down game for the quarterback. Ohio State secondary continues familiar narrative This might sound familiar. One Michigan State wide receiver, sophomore Cody White, brought in eight of his 14 targets for a season high 115 yards, the second highest total of his career. White led the team in targets, recording five more than the second-most. The Spartans focused on one receiver, in a similar way to what Purdue did with freshman Rondale Moore or Nebraska did split between senior Stanley Morgan Jr. and sophomore JD Spielman. The Ohio State secondary did find success against both Lewerke and Lombardi, allowing 37.5 percent of their passes to be complete, with the help of a consistently rushing defensive line. The secondary broke up seven passes as a team on Saturday. Junior linebacker Malik Harrison and sophomore cornerback Jeffrey Okudah, who returned from injury on Saturday, recorded two. Redshirt junior cornerback Damon Arnette also recorded one on a nice one-on-one coverage play in the first quarter. But the narrative continues. An opposing quarterback finds a favorite receiver to target against Ohio State with the Buckeyes’ secondary having trouble stopping him.
Manchester City boss, Pep Guardiola is at the moment plotting a striking £100m swoop for Chelsea star, Eden Hazard.For some time now, Hazard’s future at Chelsea has been up uncertain but it seems Guardiola is going to change that by making the Chelsea ace his number one transfer target this summer.Guardiola is confident he can bring Hazard to the Etihad, but he will have to break the British transfer record by handing Hazard a deal worth £300,000-a-week, according to Daily Star.Chelsea hat-trick hero Tammy Abraham hopes for more Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Tammy Abraham hopes this season will be his big breakthrough at Chelsea after firing his first hat-trick for the club in Saturday’s 5-2 win at Wolves.In all the transfer rumours trailing 27-year-old Hazard, there’s been a continuous mention of Real Madrid, with the La Liga giants desperate for fresh faces this summer.It’s safe to say Guardiola plots to beat his old rivals, Real Madrid and secure Hazard in what would unarguably be one of the best signings of the summer.Guardiola joined Manchester city since 2016 and has proven his worth by guiding them to the league title with a record tally of 100 points in this season alone.
Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The Kenai Peninsula Borough Assembly and Administration held a work session in order to facilitate discussions with KPB Administration and local city government officials about revenue challenges. Assemblymember Kelly Cooper and Mayor Pierce have also both introduced versions of another plan to increase sales tax to a change in property tax. Cooper has proposed a half a percent raise in sales tax and puts in place a mill rate increase if that were to fail at the ballot. Mayor Pierce’s cuts the mill rate, but asks for a five percent sales tax. The ordinance to increase the sales tax by half a percent will have another public hearing at the borough assembly meeting on May 15. Kenai Peninsula Borough Mayor Charlie Pierce and his administration have been drafting up proposals in order to garner new revenue to balance the budget. The work session took place on Monday, May 7, in Soldotna, and gave city officials the opportunity to ask the KPB administration how the latest plans will impact the local municipalities.