The women’s labour force participation rate worldwide stands at 48.5 per cent in 2018, 26.5 percentage points below that of their male counterparts, according to the World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for Women 2018 – Global snapshot, released Wednesday on the eve of International Women’s Day.The report, authored by the UN International Labour Organization (ILO), also shows that the global unemployment rate for women is six per cent for 2018, about 0.8 percentage points higher than that for men.Altogether, for every 10 men in a job, only six women are employed.“Despite the progress achieved and the commitments made to further improvement, women’s prospects in the world of work are still a long way from being equal to men’s,” said Deborah Greenfield, ILO Deputy Director-General for Policies.“Whether it is about access to employment, wage inequality or other forms of discrimination, we need to do more to reverse this persistent, unacceptable trend by putting in place policies tailored to women, also taking into account the unequal demands that they face in household and care responsibilities,” she added.In regions such as the Arab States and Northern Africa, female unemployment rates are still twice as large as men’s, with prevailing social norms continuing to obstruct women’s participation in paid employment.However, women in Eastern Europe and North America register lower unemployment rates than men.Women also face significant gaps in the quality of the employment they are in. They are more than twice as likely to be contributing family workers. This means that they contribute to a market-oriented family business, but are often subject to vulnerable conditions of employment without written contracts, collective agreements and respect for labour legislation.As a result, women are still overrepresented in informal employment in developing countries.The report notes that globally, four times as many men are working as employers than women in 2018. Women continue to face barriers in accessing management positions.“Closing gender gaps in the world of work thus should remain a top priority if we want to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls by 2030,” concluded Damian Grimshaw, Director of the ILO Research Department.
“Management and doormen should always using their discretion in venues rather than upholding a blanket ban on Christmas jumpers,” he said. Mr Everett said he had been turned away from one bar in Bradford because he had been wearing a Christmas jumper alongside his wife. “It is very annoying when it happens”, he added. Alan Miller, the chairman of the Night Time Industries Association, said that is was the prerogative of any premises to decide who can leave or enter.“They are the ones who the responsibility falls on,” he said. “If they think certain types of people wearing certain types of things will be bad for business then it is up to them. We support premises making that type of decision.”Save the Children, which promotes an annual Christmas Jumper Day to raise money, said it was not aware of widespread problems but admitted some pubs and clubs had banned Christmas jumpers. Managers have said those wearing Christmas jumpers “ruin” the night for other partiesCredit: Eddie Mulholland for The Telegraph The Record Cafe in Bradford upholds a similar rule, preventing customers from wearing Christmas jumpers to the bar in the evenings.Keith Wildman, owner of the bar, said he banned Christmas jumpers as they were often worn by “lads who go out to get smashed in as many bars as possible”. He added that the ban acted as a warning to groups he thought would not want to go to the bar anyway. “It is about preserving the atmosphere. They upset the staff, they upset the customers,” he said. “The jumpers were mildly funny six years ago but now they are not.” We don’t want 15 lads all dressed in Christmas jumpers making a beeline for the bar and making life difficult for othersAlan Murphy One trade group has defended the decision, claiming establishments should be able to stop anyone they want to from entering bars and restaurantsCredit:Eddie MulhollandSource: Eddie Mulholland for The Telegraph Meanwhile, agency door staff in York allegedly turned away customers from the Biltmore Bar and Grill on the same grounds. The bar apologised the next day on Facebook and insisted it was not its policy.It comes after Job Centre staff in Manchester and drivers at Lothian Buses in Edinburgh were also banned from wearing Christmas jumpers amid fears they may look unprofessional. A member of door staff who works in Torquay told The Sunday Telegraph that those wearing Christmas jumpers were increasingly being treated the same groups in fancy dress, including morph suits, and stag dos.The worker, who wanted to remain anonymous, said people were often stopped from coming in in case they misbehaved or “act laddy”, for example, shouting and swearing in the bar. Mark Everett, the founder of UK-based company Cheesy Christmas Jumpers, said banning the items did not make sense. Trade groups defended the right of any establishment to prevent anyone they want to from entering bars and restaurants.Premises in Hull, Bradford and York have been pulled up on the issue on social media, with customers complaining they have been treated similarly to those wearing over-the-top fancy dress costumes.Alan Murphy, who runs three establishments in Hull, put a sign in one of his pub’s windows to alert customers that festive jumpers would not be allowed after 8pm.Mr Murphy described the ban as being the same as some upmarket restaurants not allowing sportswear. “We don’t want 15 lads all dressed in Christmas jumpers making a beeline for the bar and making life difficult for others,” he said. “There are much larger pubs, which can hold 400 to 500, who are happy to allow large groups in.” Every Christmas needs its Scrooge and, this year, bar and restaurant owners have been accused of “bah humbug” and miserly behaviour after banning Christmas jumpers.Across the country, people wearing festive woolly knitwear have been stopped from going into places of entertainment amid fears the garments signal that they might have been enjoying a little too much Christmas spirit.Managers say that those wearing Christmas jumpers often “ruin” the night for other parties by being boisterous or loud. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.