Full Name* Tagsadmirals coveDonald Trumpdonald trump jrjupiter Email Address* Donald Trump Jr. and Kimberly Guilfoyle with 492 & 494 Mariner Drive (Getty, Google Maps)Residents of the high-end Admirals Cove community in Jupiter are voicing concerns about Donald Trump Jr. and his girlfriend Kimberly Guilfoyle moving into the neighborhood.Trump Jr. and Guilfoyle are under contract to buy the seven-bedroom, 12-bathroom mansion at 492 Mariner Drive, which is on the market for $11 million. And Guilfoyle, alone, plans to buy the estate next door at 494 Mariner Drive, which is asking $9.5 million, according to the Palm Beach Post.Peter Moore, general manager of Admirals Cove’s homeowners association, told the newspaper that about 30 residents have reached out with their concerns. “I believe their membership would bring undesirable notoriety to the club, harm our reputation and have the potential for creating disharmony,” one resident said.Trump Jr. and Guilfoyle are expected to move into their home in March. Trump Jr.’s ex-wife lives nearby in the Jupiter Country Club, and Admirals Cove is about 20 miles away from Mar-a-Lago in Palm Beach, where former President Donald Trump arrived after departing the White House on Wednesday morning. Palm Beach residents have also opposed the former president’s plans to live at his private club.Both Admirals Cove homes are listed with Rob Thomson of Waterfront Properties.The Trump family is scattering throughout South Florida.Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner closed on their purchase of a waterfront lot in the exclusive Indian Creek Village for about $32 million. They’re also going to be renting a unit at a luxury condo building nearby in Surfside.Jared’s brother, Joshua Kushner, and his wife, model Karlie Kloss, paid $23.5 million for a waterfront home not far away in Miami Beach.[Palm Beach Post] – Katherine KallergisContact Katherine Kallergis Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlink Share via Shortlink Message*
Home » News » Dezrezlegal introduces surveying and insurance services for house buyers previous nextProducts & ServicesDezrezlegal introduces surveying and insurance services for house buyersA one-stop shop for clients will speed up the house buying process.The Negotiator14th August 20160786 Views Residential property services company Dezrezlegal has created new partnerships with a surveying company, and a buildings and contents insurance provider, to give clients a one-stop-shop service that speeds up the house buying process.Thanks to the new partnerships with GOTO Surveys and First Complete, trading as Dezrez Insurance Services, Dezrezlegal reports that it can help its clients shave off around one week from the conveyancing process, while reducing the stress and hassle involved.Dezrezlegal offers an alternative approach to conveyancing services to individuals throughout the UK. It has multiple teams of conveyancing specialists who work closely with estate agents across the country to get its clients moving as quickly and as easily as possible.The new partnership means the company can now offer customers a full service to help them go from accepting an offer, or having an offer accepted, to moving in to their new property.Because of the new combined services, average completion times for freehold properties are just six to eight weeks, while leasehold properties take around eight to twelve weeks.Dezrezlegal is also currently looking for a removals company to partner with to expand its offering further and help customers cover another step of the house moving process as part of a one-stop-shop.GOTO Surveys undertakes HomeBuyer Reports, building surveys and valuations throughout England, Wales and Northern Ireland. They take instructions from clients, estate agents, mortgage brokers and solicitors.First Complete offers buildings and contents insurance solutions from a range of protection providers. Its business is focused on providing clients with a suitable buildings and/or contents quote to meet their individual requirements.Laura Burkinshaw (left), director of Dezrezlegal, said, “We want Dezrezlegal to become the one-stop-shop for house buyers for all their conveyancing needs and to make the conveyancing process as seamless as possible.“That’s why we have teamed up with GOTO Surveys and First Complete to speed up the buying process by one week and take the stress out of clients having to find reputable services independently.“This is particularly good for first time buyers as our smooth service slims down the process and makes it easier for them during what can often be a challenging and stressful time.”Laura says that the company has been actively looking for companies to partner with to offer these new services and after extensive research we decided on GOTO Surveys and First Complete.“Both companies have the same ethos as us – they are focussed on providing a high-quality service that represents good value-for-money for customers.”Alex Willis, Regional Sales Manager of GOTO Surveys, said, “We look forward to working closely with our partners Dezrezlegal to ensure their clients benefit from our independent property surveys as part of a quick and seamless service.”Adam Moxey, sales manager of First Complete, said: “Dezrezlegal’s clients can now benefit from a full range of services under one roof, including our range of buildings and contents insurance products provided by our leading panel of insurers.”house-buying process one-stop-shop service surveying and insurance services Dezrezlegal August 14, 2016The NegotiatorWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021
Imagine the smug feeling; you’ve finished your tutorials/essays/labs for the week and you’re sitting in your room basking in well-deserved contentment. Aweekend of debauchery inevitably featuring a sticky-carpeted Oxford nightclub no doubt awaits you. in fact you’re probably about to hit the pub in a minute for a few cheeky daytime pints. hold on just one second.As amusing as the world will seem in a semi-drunken haze as you stumble back to college a few hours later with the overdraft a few increments higher, there are other options. the city of Oxford, the city of ‘dreaming spires’, lies before you in all its glory. it might be ten years since your parents last dragged you round a myriad of castles, museums and stately homes hoping to improve your mind, while all the time you yearned to visit the joke shop, but ‘touristing’ in Oxford is an underrated and little-explored pastime. choose not to numb your intellect in front of vacuous television or dVds you’ve seen thousands of times. there is another option, which will give you numerous anecdotes for the conversation in the bar in the evening, as well as something constructive to say to your parents during the inevitable weekly phone conversation. Believe me, your mother will be impressed. Gaggles of tourists crowding the streets during the summer months can’t be wrong.So without further ado welcome to the tourists’ Oxford. You’re spoilt for choice when it comes to attractions, so in order to cut through the dross, here are a few recommendations. start your day with a brisk climb to a vantage point from which the city can be viewed as a god. essential for this kind of behaviour is one of those cold crisp days without a cloud in the sky; the view is spectacular. Often in an Oxford student the view also produces a kind of warm yet slightly self-satisfied feeling as, viewing the ancient college buildings, you can point out ‘home’ much to the excitement of the Japanese tourist standing beside you. there are three towers or spires in Oxford city centre: carfax, st Michael’s on cornmarket and Mary’s on the high street. While all of them give 360-degree panoramic views of the city, my particular favourite is Mary’s with its unrivalled outlook towards the camera. it is worth bearing in mind in your choice of tower that the saxon tower at st Michael’s is Oxford’s oldest building; quite an achievement in a city such as this.Next head up to Broad street for your original education in all things Oxford. the Oxford Story is a little pricey for the average student budget, but is the ubiquitous Oxford attraction. Also for those new to touristing as an activity this one’s just like a theme-park ride, complete with life-size plaster models illustrating scenes from Oxford past and present. The little train which takes you through these scenes creaks and groans on the steep inclines of the ride, but be assured you will make it to the end. at the beginning there is a short film detailing the brilliance of Oxford university, which inevitably brings out more superior pride in the Oxford student as they realise that this amazing stimulating university is in fact the one that they attend. In a swell of golden satisfaction head towards the jewel in the crown of Oxford’s libraries, the Old Bodleian. Of course, all Oxford students can enter the Bod free of charge and if the mood takes them even study there, but the daily tours can provide you with plenty of impressive information to regale friends with as you stumble towards the stack of books which need reading before that essay can be written. For the true bibliophile library experience, a visit to the duke humfrey’s Library is essential. Here, where the air is thick with centuries of dust and the books are chained to the walls, learning seeps through the very pores of the walls. standing in the should make you cleverer and if it doesn’t at least you can admire the ornate ceiling and the terribly intellectual people who actually need to read the manuscripts this library houses. tours of the Bodleian leave every hour from the divinity School and the tour guides are clearly absolutely passionate about their topic, which can’t help but rub off on even the most cynical anti-library tourist. in particular i’ve always liked the idea of the underground system of stacks of books, housing the Bodleian’s vast collection. my mind it’s just like the vaults of Gringott’s bank in harry potter, although Inever quite had the audacity to ask my tour guide whether it’s staffed by goblins. While you’re in the vicinity, it might well be an idea to have a little nose round the radcliffe camera if you haven‘t done so already in conjunction with your studies. although not open to the general public, the rad cam will be open to all Oxford students via the magic of a Bod card. the real joy in this pursuit is the jealous looks on the faces of tourists standing by in the square, forced to take measly pictures of the exterior of the building as you stroll merrily in. Be sure to get your bag checked for lighter fluid and food on entering; a sandwich packet can be a dangerous item in an enclosed library. points of interest include the staircase to the upper camera, the scene for the stairs to the divination classroom in harry potter, and the dome roof which, according to the testimony of an Oxford walking tour i once heard, opens up mechanically in the sunny weather. this, must stress, has yet to be proved and seems just a little unlikely. Leaving the rad cam make your way through the Bod to the Museum of the history of science. don’t scoff at the name, congratulate yourself on how intellectual you’re being and proudly ascend the steps (just avoid the displays of ancient compasses). top floor of the building is the earliest purpose-built museum in the world and was the original precursor to the ashmolean, but it is in the basement, the former university laboratories, where the real gems can be found. most remarkable article on display is one of albert einstein’s blackboards from his 1931 lectures, on which he outlines a relatively simple model to explain the apparent expansion of the universe. Naturally this goes entirely over my head, but it is difficult not to be impressed by the significance of the item and the personality of its one-time user. There is also a large collection of old cameras among which is one belonging to charles Lutwidge dodgson, better known as Lewis carroll. he was considered to be one of the best amateur photographers of the time, renowned especially for his photographs of children and in particular alice Liddell who would eventually be immortalised in the literature for which he is now better known.Having briefly absorbed some science in this visit, it’s then time to move on to the ashmolean itself, the Granddaddy of Oxford’s museums and by far the most imposing building. the ashmolean can be viewed by visitors as a calming, reassuring entity. it’s just so big and austere that somehow things couldn’t possibly go wrong where miniscule pieces of ancient history are meticulously preserved and labelled for all eternity. As a museum in this particular guide to touristing in Oxford, the ashmolean doesn’t really fit in. it would take a veritable lifetime to absorb everything on show and the speed with which people reach saturation point when it comes to ancient artefacts is relatively rapid. still, a quick look round one of the galleries is always rewarding. My special favourite is the Egyptian gallery; you simply cannot ask more from a museum than phallic statues and mummies. Finally then, with sore feet and bursting mind, head towards the Museum of Natural and the pitt rivers Museum. Both of these museums are housed within the same building just by the radcliffe science Library. the Museum of Natural History is fun in an eight-year-old ‘look at the big dinosaurs’ way. as well as marvelling at the enormity of a t-rex, you can also see the sad remains of the Oxford dodo which is now little more than a small, blackened bone. original Oxford skeleton disintegrated, but will live on in the imaginations of many in the works of Lewis carroll. the Oxford don used to bring Liddell and her sister to the museum on rainy afternoons and based many of the stories he told them around exhibits they had seen when out touristing with him. tale of the dodo was a particular favourite as it played on Carroll’s stammering when he pronounced his own real last name, ‘do-dodgson’. Moving on from the Natural history Museum, you can enter the rivers which is somewhat akin to entering an alternate universe. By far the most interesting museum in Oxford, the pitt rivers Museum is officially a museum of anthropology, made up of items donated by General augustus henry Lane Fox pitt rivers from his extensive travels around the world and then built upon over the years. the museum is dark, pokey and old-fashioned, but it’s also absolutely brilliant. the artefacts are arranged into cases, each under a different theme and supposedly showing the differing ways in which cultures attack problems. case entitled ‘treatment of the dead’ therefore shows how african tribes created death-rattles from human skulls, while in the upper amazon regions these heads were shrunken and worn in a ceremony to prove the killer’s manhood and avenge the deaths of relatives, a tradition, learnt to my surprise, which only died out in the 1960s. while we might all try to take the moral high ground and affect a kind of aversion to such practices, the overwhelming popularity of this particular exhibit testifies that our interest in the macabre is alive and well. in fact, at the height of their popularity in private collections and museums the demand for shrunken heads was such that many fakes were created, using sloths’ heads. these specific shrunken heads, or tsansta as the custom is known, are especially illustrious because of their appearance in the his dark Materials trilogy by philip pullman. Other disgusting and therefore compelling exhibits include fly-headed ballerinas, which consist of a tiny model of a ballerina with the head and thorax of a large fly mounted on the shoulders to constitute a head. the dinginess of the pitt rivers simply adds to its colonial charm and it is one of the few museums where the collection, its layout and ethos have become objects of curiosity just as much as the items themselves. And now, as the closing bell rings in the pitt rivers, you are ejected blinking into the late afternoon sunlight and can head to a bar, full of interesting facts with which to divert your friends. touristing in Oxford will never die because of the bus loads of foreign tourists who wish to experience the delights of such an auspicious seat of learning, but the student body should share more in the innumerable diversions afforded by the many attractions of Oxford.ARCHIVE: 6th week MT 2005
Bakehouse is moving out of its sweet pastry comfort zone, and into a new category with the launch of Do-licious Donuts. The firm, which also supplies savouries and speciality breads has added a six-strong range of donuts to its portfolio. They will be available in: Glazed; Double Choc; and Maple & Pecan ring varieties, and Choc & Creme; Lemon & Creme; and Strawberry & Creme filled formats.”The six different flavour variants ensure all tastes are catered for and really tap into the current trends, influenced by American products and indulgent flavours,” commented consultant baker, Dean Brettschneider, who has been working with Bakehouse on its NPD.The donuts are supplied in cases of 36, and take 60 minutes to thaw from frozen.
Every year, the government spends £49billion with external organisations and it is morally right that we make sure none of that money goes to any organisations who profit from the evil practices of modern slavery. Similarly, it is right that we demand that the organisations we work with meet the high standards we need to protect our environment and employ workforces which represent our diverse society, including people with disabilities and those from ethnic minorities. By making sure that these social values are reflected not just across the government, but through all the companies we work with, we will take a major step towards our goal of creating an economy that works for everyone. The shake-up will create a significant cultural shift for both the public sector and industry, while not adding extra cost or complexity to the procurement process.The move has been welcomed by organisations which already put social values at the centre of their work, such as Guildford-based Future Biogas, which is at the forefront of the anaerobic digestion industry.Their managing director, Philipp Lukas, said: Lord Victor Adebowale, the Chair of Social Enterprise UK, added: It’s great to see the government recognising the importance of social value. We deliver social value in many ways, such as providing employment opportunities for skilled local young people in rural communities, generating green electricity and gas, enabling biodiversity in the rural environment, improving soil health and capturing carbon into the soils. The government’s commitment to ensuring social values are at the heart of its contracts will ensure that the contributions we make to society are recognised in full. We fully support this excellent initiative. the use of firms of all sizes, including those owned by under-represented groups the safety of supply chains – to reduce the risk of modern slavery and cyber security issues encouraging firms to employ people from diverse backgrounds, including those with disabilities and from ethnic minorities focusing on environmental sustainability to reduce the impacts of climate change encouraging firms to prioritise staff training to boost their employees’ long-term employability Businesses who want to secure future government contracts will be urged to show they can also help improve society by tackling issues such as modern slavery and climate change.During the Social Value Summit in London today, the government launched a shake-up of the way government contracts are awarded to make sure they consider their social impact – by looking at areas such as the employment of disabled people, the use of small businesses, the prevention of modern slavery and the protection of the environment. This was a key measure outlined in the Government’s Civil Society Strategy, published by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.The move will help deliver the government’s target of a third of contracts going to small and medium-sized businesses by 2022. It will also identify modern slavery risks in the government supply chain and make sure everything the government does, including procurement, works towards the key priorities of protecting the environment and making sure everyone has the opportunity to make the most of their talents.Speaking ahead of the summit, the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, David Lidington, said: The new way of drawing up government contracts represents one of the biggest changes in public procurement in recent years and comes on top of the commitment to bar suppliers who cannot demonstrate they are paying their supply chains on time.It will open up opportunities to social enterprises and other organisations who are best-placed to deliver social outcomes and promote good work by businesses, who are important drivers of innovation and social change.Areas which will be now looked at when contracts are being drawn-up by the government will include: A twelve-week public consultation will be held on the proposals, to seek feedback from suppliers, public bodies and members of the public. It’s good to see the government showing leadership and taking steps to embed social value across its contracts. Social value should not be seen as a luxury in any part of the public or private sectors but common sense. People expect modern government and business to ensure that all spending considers the needs of our society and environment. Social enterprises have been pioneers, but it is important that every sector follows. This announcement will support the more than 100,000 social enterprises working in the UK which employ over 2m people. The social enterprise sector has been a great British business success story and it is right that the government does more to support it.
It is encouraging to see deaths from hepatitis C-related liver disease falling as more patients access DAA treatments. It is, however, essential that we work to find the estimated 40 to 50% of patients who remain undiagnosed and support them to access treatment services – to stop unnecessary deaths and ensure we reach elimination of hepatitis C by 2030 at the latest. Anyone who thinks they may have been at risk of transmission should get tested – The Hepatitis C Trust website hosts a simple quiz which can tell you whether you may have been at risk. Deaths from serious hepatitis C related liver disease fell from 380 to 319, thanks to new curative treatments. But while England has exceeded the World Health Organization’s (WHO) target to reduce hepatitis C related mortality by 10% by 2020, challenges still exit to eliminate the disease in this country.These new data were announced today (9 April 2019) at the PHE Research and Science Conference. PHE is urging those who may have been at risk of contracting hepatitis C, especially if they have ever injected drugs, to get tested.As well as the fall in hepatitis C deaths, greater access to new curative treatments is also linked to a reduction in the number of people with the disease requiring liver transplants. In 2017, registrations for a liver transplant due to hepatitis C fell to a 10-year low of 63, a 53% decrease compared to pre-2015 levels.Challenges remain if we are to meet the WHO’s target of eliminating hepatitis C by 2030 at the latest, with 113,000 people estimated to be living with chronic hepatitis C in England in 2018.Estimates indicate that up to 79,000 people are currently living with undiagnosed active hepatitis C infection. This is because people with the infection often have no specific symptoms until their liver has been significantly damaged and so are unaware they are infected. When symptoms do occur, they can often be mistaken for other conditions.Dr Helen Harris, Senior Scientist at PHE, said: Wellington House 133-155 Waterloo RoadLondonSE1 8UG Hepatitis C is spread through blood-to-blood contact, most commonly in England by sharing needles contaminated with the virus, but even sharing razors or toothbrushes with an infected person could pass on the virus. If untreated, infection with hepatitis C can lead to liver damage, cancer and death. If people aren’t sure about whether they are at risk, they can take a short quiz on The Hepatitis C Trust website to find out if they should get tested. Telephone 020 7654 8400 Public Health England press office In 2018, PHE and NHS England launched a national exercise to identify and treat patients who have been diagnosed with hepatitis C in the past but who may not have cleared their infections. The NHS is in the process of contacting these patients to offer testing, so those with current infection can be referred for assessment for treatment.Professor Graham Foster, NHS national clinical lead for the Hepatitis C networks, said: Hepatitis C infection can have devastating consequences, so the fact that more people are accessing treatment and fewer people are dying from the disease, is a huge and very welcome step forward. Yet, more needs to be done if we are to eliminate this disease as a major public health threat in England. Over a hundred thousand people in this country are thought to be living with this serious infection, and we know that significant numbers of them are unaware they are infected. Anyone who may be at risk of infection, in particular those who have ever injected drugs, even if they injected only once or in the past, should get tested. Given that new treatments provide a cure in around 95% of those who take them, there has never been a better time to get tested. NHS England has invested several hundred million pounds to cure thousands of people with hepatitis C, resulting in dramatic progress on saving lives and reducing the number of liver transplants. And, with support from drug manufacturers, there is now a real opportunity to eliminate hepatitis C in England before the World Health Organization’s goal of 2030. Email [email protected] Out of hours 020 8200 4400 Rachel Halford, Chief Executive at the Hepatitis C Trust said: BackgroundHepatitis C (HCV) is a bloodborne virus that is often asymptomatic, and symptoms may not appear until the liver is severely damaged. As a consequence, many individuals with chronic HCV infection remain undiagnosed and fail to access treatment. These individuals can then present late with complications of HCV-related end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and cancer, which have poor survival rates.For further information on symptoms, please visit the NHS website.There was a 127% increase in treatment in 2017 compared to pre-2015 levels.Between 2005 and 2014, death registrations for HCV-related ESLD and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in England more than doubled, rising from 182 in 2005 to 381 in 2014. Since 2014, however, deaths have been falling, with a fall of 16.3% between 2014 and 2017.Three years ago, the UK government committed to a joint ambition with 193 other countries to eliminate the disease as a major public health threat by 2030. As well as testing and treatment, prevention through needle and syringe exchange services and opiate substitution therapies need to be sustained to achieve and maintain elimination.Injecting drugs with unsterile injecting equipment, particularly needles and syringes, can put people at risk of hepatitis C infection, even if they injected only once or twice in the past. Others at risk of hepatitis C include those who have received blood transfusions before September 1991 or blood products before 1986 in the UK. People who originate from countries with a higher prevalence of infection, such as South Asia, are also at risk, often following medical or dental treatment with unsterile equipment.
Holland’s Pies has secured a listing with online grocer Ocado, for its chilled range, as it looks to develop in the online retail channel.The north-west pie manufacturer will supply a number of lines, including its best-selling chilled pie – potato & meat – alongside peppered steak pie, chicken & ham pie, cheese & onion pie and steak & kidney pudding.The firm said that with the online food market growing, it was “only fitting” that Holland’s chose to exploit this retail channel to promote its product range.David Girdler, spokesperson for Holland’s, said: “This online retail channel is very exciting for Holland’s. It means we are able to reach our customers across the UK and further expand our business outside the north west, so we are able to ensure that our customers are getting the best possible service when purchasing our pies. Online retailing of Holland’s is something we, as a brand, are very keen to develop.”Holland’s Pies is part of 2 Sisters Food Group, and supplies various retail outlets, including fish and chip shops, leading supermarkets and football stadia.
Read Full Story Adults with mothers who had diabetes during pregnancy may have a greater risk of cardiovascular disease compared to those who did not, according to a new study from Denmark. It was published online Dec. 4, 2019 in The BMJ.Previous studies have shown that babies born to women with diabetes have a higher rate of congenital malformations and other complications, noted Jorge Chavarro, associate professor of nutrition and epidemiology at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in a December 12 Reuters article. These babies also face a higher risk for overweight and obesity as children, and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases as adults. Chavarro, who was not involved in the new study, said that it “provides evidence that maternal diabetes can also result in a higher frequency of clinically relevant cardiovascular events during the first four decades of life.”
Star Files Anika Larsen Beautiful Tony nominee Anika Larsen and her husband Freddie Maxwell welcomed a baby boy earlier this month! Kie Larsen Maxwell was born on July 4.Larsen is currently on maternity leave from playing Cynthia Weil in Beautiful: The Carole King Musical on Broadway (Jessica Keenan Wynn has temporarily assumed the role). Her additional credits include Xanadu, All Shook Up, Avenue Q and Rent. Maxwell, a trumpet player, can be heard on certain tracks of Larsen’s lullaby album Sing You to Sleep. The two met on a blind date in February 2014.Back in January, Larsen told Broadway.com that she had a fellow musical theater superstar guide her through the process of carrying a Broadway baby: The King and I Tony winner Kelli O’Hara. “Kelli has insisted on being my buddy throughout this, and she’s been incredibly helpful about what to expect” (e.g. secret bonding with dressers and wardrobe alterations).Congratulations to Anika and Freddie, and welcome, little Kie! Now, can “Happy Days Are Here Again” be rewritten into a lullaby for a newborn? View Comments
By Stephanie SchupskaUniversity of GeorgiaMillions of years. That’s the time period Andrew Paterson works with in his research. He’s searching for clues as to why a certain plant turned out the way it did, why a certain gene was preserved and another discarded.His current research at the University of Georgia centers on polyploids, organisms that have twice the normal number of chromosomes. His findings were published online Feb. 8 in the “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America” (PNAS).“We each have one chromosome from mom and one from dad,” said Paterson, director of UGA’s Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory. “Once in a long while, the reproductive process makes an error. It makes four, two from each parent. Only a fraction of these organisms survive.”Plants are much more tolerant of such errors than animals. By studying those plants that have survived, Paterson hopes to find answers to which extra genes a plant keeps and which it discards, a choice that continues to shape the world.“I think there will be quite a lot of interest in this research,” Paterson said of the study of polyploids. “People are realizing that polyploids are more common than they thought. It was surprising that rice was an ancient polyploid. I think that the role of genetic duplication and polyploidy in evolution has generally been underestimated.”Paterson’s PGML colleague, John Bowers, built the groundwork; and former UGA graduate student Brad Chapman started the present experiment in 2003 as part of his dissertation. Paterson’s lab is doing a follow-up study to “ask what happens to genes after they’re duplicated,” he said. “Dr. Bowers’ research set the structure for asking questions.”Before Paterson published his study, scientists believed that polyploid genes would change quickly. “We found the opposite, that duplicated genes change slowly,” he said.In his article, Paterson says that “genome duplication, a punctuational event in the evolution of a lineage, is more common than previously suspected.” At the same time, he says, there is actually less species-wide polymorphism than scientists had thought.This particular study centers on rice and Arabidopsis, a small flowering plant commonly called thale cress or mouse-ear cress. It’s related to cabbage and mustard. These plants were traditionally thought to be diploids. But Bowers, Paterson and Chapman showed them to be ancient polyploids.Paterson said major crops such as cotton, wheat, soybeans, maize (corn), sugar cane, alfalfa, potatoes, tobacco and some grasses are recent polyploids. They genetically mutated from 10,000 to a few million years ago.Research suggests that all plants, and even mammals, may be ancient polyploids, he said. In recent years, scientists have successfully made artificial polyploids. This work could lead to their more effective use to improve crops.(Stephanie Schupska is a news editor with the University ofGeorgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)